Centrum för Europaforskning (CERGU) är en nätverksbaserad Europaforskarmiljö vid Göteborgs universitet vilket innebär att forskare som är knutna till verksamheten lokaliseras på respektive ämnesinstitutioner. Även de postdoktorala forskare som finansieras av CERGU verkar i sin ämnesdisciplinära miljö parallellt med verksamheten vid CERGU.
From Sputnik to Chernobyl, from optimism to fear: socialists and communists facing science (1957-1986)
Members: Ettore Costa
Project description: This project analyses how the attitude of Western European socialists and communists towards science and technology evolved from the late 1950s to the 1980s, from optimism for the Sputnik to scepticism and fear around Chernobyl. The period corresponded to the transformation of the Old Left, from enthusiasm for social transformation and state-centred social engineering to the end of utopian ambitions and crisis. The hypothesis is that the paradigm shift on science was an underrated factor in affecting their policies and undermining their optimism. This comparative analysis of the socialist parties of Britain and Western Germany as well as the socialist and communist parties of France and Italy, assesses the role of science (specifically nuclear power and space technology) in their policies, language and vision of the future, in addition to the influence of new social movements.
Non-Compliance and Collective Action in the European Union
Members: Markus Johansson
Project description: International cooperation requires policy compliance to be sustainable, and non-compliance is therefore a serious challenge in the European Union (EU). While much research has been devoted to explain non-compliance in the EU, less attention has been given to the effects of non-compliance. Founded in collective action theory, a central prediction is that the chances of generating cooperative agreements between nation states is affected by expectations about policy compliance. The project poses questions on whether expectations about policy compliance affect the current and future will to collective action, and what factors that affect the perceived risk of non-compliance. Empirically, the focus is on negotiation processes between representatives of EU member states, relying on a telephone survey with representatives to the EU Council, and comparative case studies of policy issues in the fields of human and animal antibiotics use, migration and foreign policy.