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University of Gothenburg
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Farmed fish in landbased aquaculture system.
Photo: Kristina Sundell

About us

Swedish Mariculture Research Center, SWEMARC, is one of six University of Gothenburg's strong research based on important and current social issues. One of the largest global challenges is to increase production of healthy food to meet the demands of an increasing population - in a sustainable and environment friendly way. SWEMARC wants to contribute education and knowledge on aqauculture in line with the UN's Sustainable Development Goals through interdisciplinary activities and partnerships with societal actors.

In 2050, the world population is expected to exceed 9.5 billion people. The surface of the Earth constitutes 29% land and 71% water, mainly oceans. Today we produce most of our food on land, with only a small portion (6-7%) in the ocean. The marine environment is thus a huge unutilised resource with tremendous potential for increased food production. Fish, and other animals from the ocean and algae, are called seafood and is very nutritious food. It contains high quclity proteins and is rich in Omega-3 fats, vitamins and trace elements. Being able to increase the seafood consumption would provide major health benefits. As commercial fisheries are at their maximum, the only sustainable solution to meet an increased demand for seafood is aquaculture!

The main goal of SWEMARC is to increase the marine aquaculture in an environmentally friendly way through interdisciplinary and community engaging research.

There is a huge potential for increased food production in marine environments through the so called ”Blue catch crops”. These are animal and algae from the lower levels of the food web that do not need to be fed – instead they use needed nutrients directly from the ocean. Therefore, “Blue catch crops” constitutes a very resource efficient food production.

Farmed fish and shellfish that need to be fed is also a more sustainable food production, in comparison to food production on land. This is because farmed fish and shellfish has an increased “food conversion”. This means that they are good at converting feed to growth and food for us.

Aquaculture, like all meat production, causes, however, nutrient emissions via the animals’ excrements. SWEMARC aims to minimize these by developing new, innovative farming techniques. Recirculating systems on land and multi-species farming in the ocean with circulation of nutrients that can be used in different levels of the food web are some examples SWEMARC will develop further.

The production of fish feed not dependent on wild-caught fish for fish and shellfish, is another important issue. SWEMARC will study how we can create re-circulation, where raw materials from algae, mussels and benthic animals can be used in fish feed. New aquaculture species from different animal groups and development of attractive exciting and nutritious products from these species is also a focus area for SWEMARC.

Development of sustainable marine aquaculture is not limited to biology and technology, but must include economic, legal and societal responsibility. It is also essential to increase public awareness of sustainable mariculture and the health benefits of seafood. Within SWEMARC, we have therefore gathered leading research groups in social, economic, legal, oceanographic, biology and design research.

SWEMARC's organisation

The Steering committee is responsible for the coordination of SWEMARC activities. It is chaired by the director, Kristina Snuttan Sundell, and constitutes of one senior scientist per participating department, active guest professors, 1 PhD student and the research and societal coordinators. The Executive board has the administrative and executive responsibility and consists of the director and the research and the societal coordinators and two communicators. The General assembly consists of all SWEMARC academic and technical staff. It is an “open forum” with annual meetings to assure flow of knowledge and active involvement in the progress and planning.

The general design of SWEMARC is presented in the figure above and shows the two main activities; the integrated research, MARC-RESEARCH and the societal impact, MARC-SOCIETY, each led by one executive coordinator; Elisabeth Jönsson-Bergman, MARC-RESEARCH and Susanne Lindegarth, MARC-SOCIETY.

The Steering Committee

Kristina Snuttan Sundell (Director, Chair)
Susanne Lindegarth
Elisabeth Jönsson Bergman

Department of Earth Sciences
Bengt Liljebladh

Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Björn Thrandur Björnsson
Ellen Schagerström

Department of Law
David Langlet

Department of Marine Sciences
Henrik Pavia
Suppl. Mats Lindegarth

Department of Political Science
Björn Rönnerstrand
Suppl. Niklas Harring

School of Business, Economics and Law
Lena Mossberg
Suppl. John Armbrecht

HDK-Valand – Academy of Art and Design
Maria Nyström (Chalmers)
Suppl. Carl-Johan Skogh

The General Assembly (GA)

Department of Earth Sciences
Bengt Liljebladh

Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Alexander Ventura
Angela Wulff
Barry Costa-Pierce (guest professor)
Bethanie Carney Almroth
Björn Thrandur Björnsson
Elisabeth Jönsson Bergman
Ellen Schagerström
Henrik Sundh
Ida Hedén
Ingela Dahllöf
James Hinchcliffe
Jonathan Roques
Kirsikka Sillanpää
Kirti Ramesh
Kristina Sundell
Linda Hasselberg Frank
Linda Svanberg
Mikael Hedblom
Nedia Matusse
Niklas Warwas
Sam Dupont
Susan Gotensparre

Department of Law
David Langlet
Jonas Kyrönviita

Department of Marine Sciences
Alyssa Joyce
Annelous Oerbekke
Emma Berdan
Eva Marie Rödström
Evan Durland
Friederike Eimer
Gunilla Toth
Gunnar Cervin
Göran Nylund
Henrik Pavia
Joel White
Kristoffer Stedt
Linnea Mattsson Thorngren
Luca Rugiu
Malin Rosengren
Maria Holmkvist
Mats Lindegarth
Matthew Hargrave
Per Bergström
Pierre de Wit
Sophie Steinhagen
Susanne Liljenström
Susanne Lindegarth
Susanne Vogeler 
Wouter Visch
Anothai Ekelund
Maria Bodin

Department of Political Science
Björn Rönnerstrand (SOM Institute)

School of Business, Economics and Law
Erik Lundberg
John Armbrecht
Lena Mossberg

Kåre Skallerud (guest professor)
Carl-Fredrik Hansson

HDK-Valand – Academy of Art and Design
Carl-Johan Skogh
Maria Nyström (Chalmers)
Lou Yongqi (gästprofessor)

External members
Åsa Strand (IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet)
Albin Gräns (SLU)
Erika Sundell (SLU)
Markus Langeland (SLU)
Per Hjelmstedt (SLU)

SWEMARC's inauguration ceremony (5 Sept, 2016)

During the inauguration ceremony the following films were recorded: 

  • SWEMARC's guest professor Kåre Skallerud, The Arctic University of Norway
  • SWEMARC's guest professor Barry Costa-Pierce, University of New England, USA
  • GU's then Vice-Chancellor, Pam Fredman, and SWEMARC's Director, Kristina Snuttan Sundell
Video (35:03)
Inaugural ceremony: Kåre Skallerud
Video (47:07)
Inaugural ceremony: Barry Costa-Pierce
Video (32:45)
Inaugural ceremony: Pam Fredman & kristina Snuttan Sundell