In research that is conducted ethically the researchers need to maintain their professional integrity. The All European Academies (ALLEA) publication “The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity” states the fundamental principles on which good research practice is based. The principles are intended to give researchers guidance on practical, ethical and intellectual problems associated with research.
Reliability in safeguarding the quality of the research, which is reflected in the design, method, analysis and use of resources.
Honesty in developing, implementing and scrutinising research, and in reporting and informing others about research in an open, fair, complete and objective way.
Respect for colleagues, research participants, society, ecosystems, cultural heritage and the environment.
Accountability for research from idea to publication, for management and organisation, for education, supervision and mentorship, and for their wider consequences.