Research strategy for music education and research within the field of arts education
The Academy of Music and Drama has two research and third-cycle subject areas focused on learning and teaching in the artistic field. The subject of music education, along with the subject of arts education, has a scholarly foundation. Historically, music education emerged from musicology and the shared department for what was then the School of Music and musicology in the mid-1980s, and was established as a third-cycle subject area in the year 2000. The emergence of the subject can be traced from a need for the development of knowledge and a research connection of musical and music education practice.
Music education as an academic field studies all forms of musical learning, including the frameworks, conditions, traditions and terms that govern these situations, in which music comprises the content of the various learning processes. Thus problems are addressed in a context in which music is included or has been included in training, education, teaching and other influences exerted in a given cultural situation.
As a research field, music education is cross-disciplinary in nature and uses theories and methods from, for example, pedagogy, psychology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology, musicology and artistic research to understand and explain the phenomenon of music education. The general profile within the third-cycle subject of music education can most closely be characterised as professional research with a focus on music teachers’ and musicians’ educational practices of various forms. As a rule, doctoral students and researchers in the subject Researchers on the subject usually have a music teacher education and have professional experience as both music teachers and/or as practicing musicians at a high artistic level. This entrance to doctoral studies in the subject means that music teaching in higher music education and in professional music life are common research areas. An additional area in the research is the subject-didactic focus, where the relationship between music and pedagogy/didactics is an essential point of departure.
Music education is academically related to the department’s other research and third-cycle subject area, arts education, a subject formed in 2005, and which is in two of the faculty’s departments, the Academy of Music and Drama and the Academy of Design and Crafts (HDK). Unlike music education, the subjects are delineated from one another because dissertation projects in the subject of the arts take precedence, with a focus on didactic questions associated with the arts teaching of preschool/school or teacher education. Music education is a broader subject and covers all kinds of education, teaching, influences and training of which music is a part. Music education involves primarily higher artistic education, such as musician training and music teacher training, but also learning and teaching outside of formal teaching contexts. The differences with regard to research in different practices between the subjects are complemented by the focus of music education on musical practice, unlike the more didactically oriented research of the arts.