FRAM works to provide policy instruments for the fair sharing of the common emission space, i.e. the total load of chemicals that can be emitted without causing harm to ecosystem services. FRAM also propose policy options for accounting for chemical mixture effects.
Optimal policy design
One focus is the effects of the multi-governance of environmental issues and pollutants’ interactions on optimal policy design. The fact that pollutants interact, and that regulatory strategies and policies in place in most countries disregard the existence of cross effects between pollutants, imply that actual regulations are not optimal. This might lead to unintended side effects. The research evaluates the performance of different instrument combinations and identifies the institutional arrangements needed for effective coordination and implementation of integrated pollution management.