University of Gothenburg
Person looking out over the Lake Victoria
Chemical pollution in Kenyan waters is receiving increasing attention. Lake Victoria is a fresh water resource for millions of people in the countries around the lake.
Photo: Omondi, Wikimedia Commons

Case Study: Lake Victoria - multiple chemical pollution in the largest freshwater lake in Kenya

Chemical pollution in Kenyan waters is receiving increasing attention with media alarms about high level of pollution of rivers and lakes. Existing studies indicate multiple pollutants, including pharmaceuticals, personal care products, pesticides, industrial chemicals and heavy metals. However, despite the importance of these fresh water resources for millions of Kenyans, existing data is weak and scattered and environmental governance is fragmented.

Starting in 2020, FRAM has initiated a multi-disciplinary case study in Lake Victoria and it´s Kenyan tributaries.

The purpose of this case study is:

  • to enhance the knowledge about multiple chemical pollution in this important water resource
  • to identify drivers and management options to reduce pollution
  • to develop a partnership with Kenyan researchers

As a first step, the Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy (CASELAP) at the University of Nairobi has conducted the study Sources and Impacts of Multiple Chemical Pollution on Kenya’s Lake Victoria: a Scoping Study.


From left: Prof. Stephen Anyango, Dr Daniel Slunge, PhD-student Frida Book, PhD-student Susan Yara, Prof. Richard Mulwa, Prof. Collins Odote, and Prof. Lena Gipperth
Photo: Nina Silow

Collaboration partner

Video (3:14)
Do management and policies on chemical pollution differ between Kenya and Sweden?