University of Gothenburg

Study of Civic Education 1970

The Study of Civic Education 1970 is a part of the Six Subject Survey. The aim of this study was to investigate how and to what extent objectives of citizenship education are being achieved by educational systems and what other influences beside the school (such as family, mass media, or friends) are important. One of the important issues addressed was whether a single quality, that of a good citizen, could be identified or whether there were several different and independent civic attitudes. In addition, an achievement test was administered that assessed knowledge of civic and political processes and institutions. The data were collected in 1971.

The target population

This was 10-year-old students, 14-year old students, and students in the final grade of the secondary school.

Participating Educational Systems

Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Finland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, United States, England, and Iran participated in the initial phase of the project. Please note that most but not all countries participated in all studies.
Link to IEA website.

Data and population for Study of Civic Education 1970

All countries

Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)






New Zealand





Unfortunately are we missing the international instruments for Civic Education. These includes Civics Cognitive Test, Civics How Society Works Questionnaire, Civics Affective Questionnaire and the Civics Background Questionnaire. We have the Swedish instrument for population 4.

Population IV

Questionnaire for Civic Education. Population 4. Swedish version (pdf 4,3 MB)



Oppenheim, A.N., & Torney, J.V. (1974). The Measurement of Children’s Civic Attitudes in Different Nations.

Torney, J.V., Oppenheim, A.N., & Farnen, R.F. (1976). Civic Education in Ten Countries VI: An Empirical Study.