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University of Gothenburg

Pilot Twelve-Country Study

The study was conducted in order to investigate the feasibility of undertaking more extensive investigations of educational achievement. Testing was carried out in the five areas of mathematics, reading comprehension, geography, science, and non-verbal ability. The data were collected in 1959–1960.

Target Population

The target population was 13-year-old students. In some countries, the national sample was only partially representative.

Participating Educational Systems

Belgium, England, Finland, France, Germany (FRG), Israel, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Yugoslavia.