Development of theory and methods is essential in order to take the special features of health care and health into account. This goes, among other things, for individual lifestyles and habits; decision-making in health- and social care; technologies for health; incentive structures and the conditions for public-health policy.
Health-economics research includes development of theory and methods as well as empirical applications. Mainly quantitative statistical or econometric methods are used, to some degree also qualitative methods. Some research issues are analysed using experiments. Collaboration with other health-related disciplines, such as psychology and medicine, is legion.