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End-of-Life Care: Location of Death Over Time and the Promotion of a Palliative Approach through Consultations with Palliative Care Specialists and Palliative Care Policy

Research project
Active research
Project size
¨1,2 miljoner
Project period
2022 - 2024
Project owner
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa


Short description

The aim is to examine the extent to which end-of-life palliative care is equitable and in line with current guidelines for adults in Sweden. The project is designed to provide population-based knowledge crucial for the development of evidence-based palliative care that can contribute to equitable care at the end of life.


A. To identify trends and variations in the place of death at the population level between 2012 and 2021 and to investigate possible associations between place of death and individual characteristics, clinical, geographical, and socio-economic factors.

B. To exploratively investigate potential inequality regarding access to and outcomes of consultation with palliative care specialists in the last week of life for patients with potential palliative care needs.

C. To identify the logic and any gaps in policy documents for palliative care at the national and regional levels and investigate the influence of such policy on the design of end-of-life care from the perspective of those regionally responsible for palliative care processes.

About the studies

Study A is based on all deaths in Sweden from 2012 to 2021 with the place of death as the outcome.

Study B is based on all those who died during the same period and had an expected death and were cared for within general palliative care (i.e., non-specialized palliative care forms) with consultation with a palliative care specialist in the last week of life as the outcome.

Both studies utilize registry data, including data from the Cause of Death Register and the Swedish Palliative Registry.

Study C combines analysis of policy documents with focus groups with representatives responsible for palliative care processes at the six overarching health and medical care regions.


The results will be particularly significant regarding the influence of the introduction of the national policy for palliative care that was implemented in Sweden starting in 2013.


The project is conducted by two collaborating research groups with expertise in palliative care, including registry research and qualitative methods.