Sexuality in Women Living with HIV
At the end of 2017, approximately 36.9 million people were estimated to live with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In Sweden, approximately 7,500 people live with HIV, of whom 39% are women. HIV is a disease that can be transmitted sexually or by mother-to-child and therefore sexuality and childbearing are affected for women living with HIV.
In Sweden, the Communicable Diseases Act also affects a woman who lives with HIV in relation to sexuality and childbirth. There are no Swedish studies describing how these women experience their sexuality and there are also no studies that show sexuality and its relation to health factors.
The overall aim of the research project is to investigate sexuality and its different aspects in women living with HIV in Sweden. Further the aim is to investigate childbearing and sexual satisfaction.
Four studies have been conducted. The first study was a meta-synthesis and the second was a phenomenological study. The last two studies were quantitative registry studies. A fifth study is planned with a qualitative method and aims to investigate the need for support in relation to sexuality and childbirth in women living with HIV in Sweden.
Carlsson-Lalloo, E., Rusner, M., Mellgren, Å. and Berg, M. 2016. Sexuality and Reproduction in HIV-Positive Women: A Meta-Synthesis. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 30(2), 56- 69.
Carlsson-Lalloo, E., Berg, M., Mellgren, Å. and Rusner, M. 2018. Sexuality and childbearing as it is experienced by women living with HIV in Sweden–a lifeworld phenomenological study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. 13:1, 1487760.
Thesis: "Sexuality in women living with HIV"