Strategic Renewal in Swedish Industry
The purpose of the project was to study how strategic renewal within Swedish and foreign-owned manufacturing companies in Sweden is affected by being included in global value chains. We collected a large empirical material, incl. company interviews, which generally show that the renewal has not been negatively affected. This is an interesting, important observation to understand the dynamics of the manufacturing industry in Sweden, in addition, our collected data and the business contacts we have built up can be valuable in future studies.
Claes Göran Alvstam, Martin Henning, Inge Ivarsson, Richard Nakamura and Ramsin Yakob
Sweden's Innovation Agency 2017-2019
The creation of CRA
This establishment is a result of the demand for more knowledge of the competitive prerequisites of different regions. Regional competitiveness is at focus where globalization, technological development and the increasing importance of regions influence the competitive ability.
Erik Elldér, Ulf Ernstson, Åke Forsström, Urban Fransson, Martin Henning, Anders Larsson, Sten Lorentzon, Jerry Olsson, Patrik Ström, Evelina Wahlqvist
Funded by Västra Götalandsregionen, the Foundation of Economic Research of West Sweden and School of Business, Economics and Law at Göteborg University
The work has been carried out as a project (2006-2010) but is funded as a contribution to the activity since 2011
Bridging the knowledge-gap between the old and the new: the case of tourism innovation processes in Västra Götaland region
In spite of a growing awareness of the importance of tourism in regional economic growth, it has until recently not been identified as an economic sector per se. Consequently, in many regions, tourism has been treated as separated from the traditional manufacturing based economic activity. This division might create a technological, institutional and cognitive gap between traditional and new sectors and hence missed opportunities to re-cycle and combine knowledge and innovation in regional tourism development. The aim of this study is to analyse the possibilities and limitations for innovation based on combination of knowledge between traditional and new sectors of the economy.
Anders Larsson and Kristina Lindström
Funded by Foundation of Economic Research of West Sweden 2011-
Relatedness and regional changes in an historical perspective
One of the most important links between economic activities today is their relatedness with regard to competence (skills). This relatedness may influence many economic phenomena, e.g. individual career, regional diversification and structural changes. But there are many different types of links between economic activities, not least historical, depending on what resources that are observed. The aim of this study is to attain more knowledge of the connection with different types of relatedness and regional economic transformation in an historical perspective. The study is based on recent digitalized data of economic activity in Swedish towns 1900-1965 and American data of the US census 1900. Preliminary the results indicate that the path dependence in the economic transformation was evident also after the industrial revolution, especially within traditional industries. After 1930 common human resources have become more important for the advantages of co-location and transformation and traditional regional structures of clusters have partly been replaced by another type of dynamic development. Furthermore, the study also add knowledge to our time.
Funded by the Foundation of Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius 2010-
The mobility of the manpower in the car industry related to regions and industrial sectors
Technological inventions and fast technological changes have characterized the development of the global car industry. In recent years, however, this sector has become more known for organizational and financial turbulence. Many employees have been forced to move. This mobility of qualified individuals between related industries is an important mechanism behind regional processes of diversification and the development of regional economies. By the use of microdata of individuals, who have worked in the Swedish car industry between the years 1990 and 2010, the employees that quit the car industry are analysed concerning industry and where they prefer to work. The studies also include analysis of relevant characteristics of individuals that move to other workplaces.
Martin Henning, Anders Larsson and Urban Fransson
Funded by the Foundation of Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius 2010-
Analysis of accessibility to commercial services in sparsely populated areas
More private motorism has enabled high mobility by individuals living in different types of regions such as metropolitan areas and sparsely populated areas. People living in sparsely populated areas can commute long distances without traffic congestion. This means that many individuals combine work-trips with services, e. g .visiting stores and banks. Thereby the accessibility to these services is better for individuals who have access to car and travel regularly than the accessibility for persons living in areas missing functional links to areas outside their neighbourhood. The extent of commuting and potential points of supply of commercial services are analysed as well as accessibility to commercial services for the non-commuting group.
Ulf Ernstson and Anders Larsson.
Funded by VGR 2011-
Commuters from- to- and in the municipality of Kungsbacka
This is an explorative study and carried out by the use of data from the database GILDA (Geographical Longitudanal Database for Analysis).
Ulf Ernstson and Urban Fransson
Funded by the Municipality of Kungsbacka and CRA 2011–2013
Differences of ages among couples and synchronized retirement
This project pays attention to the importance of different ages for the time of retirement among married men and women in Sweden. Furthermore, the variation of ages is related to socio-economic conditions.
Urban Fransson and Per Gustafson
Funded by FAS 2011-2014
On Distance and the Spatial Dimension in the Definition of Internal Migration
This project focuses on the spatial dimension where migration is typically defined as movement across administrative borders. Using data for all internal migrants in Sweden, the only known country where migration distances are available in sufficient detail, studies are performed of actual migration distances and the relationship between actual migration distances and migration-defining boundaries.
Urban Fransson and Thomas Niedomysl
Funded by CRA 2011-2013
IT-entrepreneurs in Västra Götaland
The performance of this study is based on the database GILDA (Geographical Longitudanal Database for Analysis). One purpose is to investigate the possibilities to identify entrepreneurs creating new businesses, while another purpose is to investigate the ability of the database GILDA to identify businesses that are closed down. The studies observe the development in Västra Götaland as well as all Sweden during the period 2005 – 2010.
Funded by CRA 2012-2013
More efficient urban transport systems – optimal location of combi-terminals in and around the city of Gothenburg
The work is based on the observation that Swedish traffic on roads and in towns tends to become inefficient as the size of the delivered goods decreases while the distance of transportation increases. A consequence is burden on the urban transport system; the capacity of the infrastructure decreases, while congestion and pollution increase. The aim of the study is, with regard to the location of present and future combi-terminals, to investigate the potential of more efficient use of existent urban transport systems. The survey focuses the city of Gothenburg and surroundings.
Jerry Olsson 2012-2014