Breadcrumb

Pneumococci and related infections globally and in Sweden

Research project

Short description

In the Biopneumo study, Susann Skovbjerg's research group investigates if patient with severe infection due to the pneumococcal bacteria have defects in their immune responses. The team further determines if there are groups of patients in which further immunological investigations should be performed or if there are groups of patients in need of preventions to avoid severe infections. Research in Tanzania and DR Congo focus on factors driving inappropriate antibiotic consumption among sub-Saharan children below five years of age.

In the Biopneumo study we investigate if patients with pneumococcal invasive disease, i.e. patients with bacteria infecting the blood stream, have defects in their immune responses. We further determine bacterial factors associated with the disease, and how pneumococcal bacteria modulate immune responses.

Adult patients with invasive pneumococcal disease are identified at microbiological laboratories in the Region Västra Götaland, and prospectively included at the clinic. The patients are sampled during disease for assessment of immunoglobulin levels, and for analysis of polymorphisms in genes involved in immune responses. After two months the patients return and donate blood for assessments of phagocyte function, lymphocyte populations and immunoglobulins. Clinical data including risk factors, manifestations and outcome are collected. Virulence traits in the pneumococcal strains are determined by genome sequencing methods. In vitro experiments analyze microRNA and surface protein expression in monocytes stimulated by pneumococcal bacteria.

We expect to identify new risk groups in need of immunological investigations and/or preventions, such as vaccination or immunoglobulin substitution. We further expect to find many patients with undiscovered immune deficiencies or underlying conditions that need special care.

There is a high misuse of antibiotics in sub-Saharan Africa leading to high rates of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria causing common infections in the child population. In Tanzania and DR Congo we qualitatively explore behavior patterns among mothers to young children and among health care professionals in the primary health care level on the use of antibiotics in children. The project will guide implementations aiming to improve the rational use of antibiotics in Tanzania and DR Congo and hence reduce the level of antimicrobial resistance in the community.

Susann Skovbjerg

Principal Investigator
susann.skovbjerg@vgregion.se

Affiliation:
Department of Infectious Diseases,
Institute of Biomedicine

The Biopneumo study group:

Rune Andersson

Karin Bergman

Magnus Brink

Tor Härnqvist

Beatriz Piñeiro Iglesias

Johanna Karlsson

Anna Lundgren

Åsa Mellgren

Rickard Nordén

Ebba Samuelsson

Birger Trollfors

 

Other group members:

Archippe Muhandule Birindwa,

Matilda Emgård

Florida Muro

Rose Mwangi

Mulugeta Tamire