Organizational initiatives and individual agreements: how to motivate the elderly to an extended working life?
One of the biggest challenges for today's welfare states is the "aging society", ie a continuously growing proportion of the elderly in the population. This development means great economic strain on modern societies, as an older population consumes more welfare services compared with a younger one, and this at the same time as they are less involved in the labor market. As life expectancy has increased in the population, the Pension Age Inquiry (SOU 2013: 25) considers it necessary to extend working life. This is so that pensions will not be too low and so that welfare can continue to be maintained. A common strategy for dealing with the consequences of an aging society today is to raise the retirement age and to stimulate people to work longer.