Organic beef and other ecosystem services produced at semi-natural pasture and forest mosaics
Semi-natural pastures in Sweden have nearly vanished and with them, many ecosystem services are diminished. We studied the interplay between organic beef production, wood production, biodiversity, and climate regulation. We conduct field studies at farms along a climatic gradient from South to North Sweden, literature surveys, and use participatory methods and national inventories. The possible synergies and trade-offs between the ecosystem services are assessed by comparing different scenarios, optimizing one service at a time at each of the studied farms. Based on the results, we design the optimized multi-functional land use. In co-operation with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, a GIS-tool was developed to identify suitable areas for organic meat production.
Two affiliated Climate Regulation projects are described below.