Fridays for Future (FFF) demonstrations in Stockholm.
Photo: Joost de Moor

The necessary and the possible: How social movements articulate, convey and negotiate visions of a fossil free and just future

Research project
Active research
Project size
7 416 871
Project period
2019 - 2023
Project owner
Department of Sociology and Work Science


Short description

Social movements have historically been central drivers of societies’ progressive changes, including the advancement of democracy, gender equality, and the welfare state. Today, Swedish society may once again need the creative input of social movements to realize its ambitious climate goal of reaching net zero carbon emissionsby 2045; climate movement groups like Fridays For Future are forcefully claiming that role. At the same, it is not yet clear whether and how the visions of the climate movement will actually have an impact. Our aim is to show how social movements promote visions for a fossil-free welfare society, and move beyond a binary notion of accepting or rejecting these visions by unpacking at each stage of the diffusion process why activists, citizens or politicians end up in favour or against certain visions.

Katrin Uba and Joost de Moor are interviewed by Le Monde in the article "Greta! Will COVID-19 Make Or Break The "Climate Generation"?" (2020-09-03)
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Katrin Uba is interviewed by DW Akademie in the article "Fridays for Future: Can they keep the pressure up?" (2020-08-20)
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Katrin Uba is interviewed by About The World "How did teen climate activist Greta Thunberg rise to fame so quickly? (2019-10-10)
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Joost de Moor is interviewed by DW Akademie in the article "After a year of strikes can Fridays For Future maintain momentum?" (2019-08-20)
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A radio interview with Mattias Wahlström
Listen to the episode (in Swedish)

Katrin Uba and Per Adman have written the article "Schoolchildren around the world are on climate strike. Here’s what you need to know." published in The Washington Post (2019-03-15)
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Joost De Moor, Brian Doherty and Graeme Hayes (2018) have written the article "The ‘new’ climate politics of Extinction Rebellion?" published on
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Joost de Moor "Prioritizing adaptation and mitigation in the climate movement: evidence from a cross-national protest survey of the Global Climate Strike, 2019" (2022-07-25)
Digital publication

Anders Svensson and Mattias Wahlström "Climate change or what? Prognostic framing by Fridays for Future protesters". Social Movement Studies (2021-11-01)
Digital publication

Magnus Wennerhag, Kajsa Emilsson & Håkan Johansson. ”Frame Disputes or Frame Consensus? ’Environment’ or ’Welfare’ First Amongst Climate Strike Protesters”. Sustainability 12(3): 882. (2020-01-24)
Digital publication

Joost de Moor, Katrin Uba, Mattias Wahlström, Magnus Wennerhag and Michiel de Vydt "Protest for a future II: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 20-27 September, 2019, in 19 cities around the world"  (2020-02-24)
Digital publication

Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydt and Joost de Moor "Protest for a future: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities" (2019-07-09)
Digital publication

Joost de Moor, Katrin Uba, Mattias Wahlström and Michiel de Vydt "New kids on the block: taking stock of the recent cycle of climate activism" (2020-10-28).
Digital publication