Bethanie Carney Almroth
SENIOR LECTURERDepartment of Biological & Environmental
About Bethanie Carney Almroth
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, RESEARCHER, ecotoxicology and zoophysiology ► RESEARCH
My research focuses on the environmental effects of plastics and plastic-associated chemicals, using different species of fish for study. I use biochemical and physiological methodologies to understand how exposure to microplastics, plastic additives, and environmental chemicals affect fish via different exposure routes. I am specifically interested in oxidative stress mechanisms and their importance following exposure to toxic substances. My research group is included in the Environmental Science focus area at the Dept of Biological and Environmental Sciences.
Photo: Martin Hassellöv
Other research projects in which I am involved address usage and spread of plastics in society and the environment, as well as consequences of exposure to plastics and associated chemicals.
• LIMNOPLAST - I am currently PI in LimnoPlast, an ITN project focused on plastic debris, so-called microplastics (MP), which pose a global challenge. As most plastic is produced and used inland, the considerable lack of knowledge on their sources and impacts in freshwater ecosystems inhibits effective mitigation measures. To meet this challenge, LimnoPlast will for the first time bring together environmental, technical, and social sciences with the vision to transform a new understanding of freshwater MP to innovative solutions.
The chronic toxicity of MP in fish will be investigated with a focus on metabolism and general stress in laboratory experiments. Several ecologically relevant fish species will be used, all of which have well-known physiology and genetics. ESR12 will assess the toxicity of biodegradable and conventional MP polymers. The endpoints will focus on life cycle parameters, metabolism, stress, and behavior endpoints. Proteomics will be considered to gain further insights into altered metabolism or mechanisms. Fish species with different feeding strategies and also different life-stages will be considered for the study of MP uptake to obtain a picture of species sensitivities and vulnerabilities under real conditions. Biodegradable and conventional MP polymers will be compared. In addition, the toxicity of leachates from conventional and biodegradable polymers will be tested.
• Less Space for Plastic is a new interdisciplinary project within CeCar, using psychological and ecotoxicological approaches to reduce plastic use and debris. We will address use of plastics in packaging in stores in collaboration between ecotoxicologists, environmental scientists, and environmental psychologists. We are funded by the Kamprad Foundation.
• CeCar – The Center for Collective Action Research I also work within CeCar, an interdisciplinary project aimed at solving environmental problems by inducing large-scale changes in society. Focus here lies in communication with the general public, industry, and policy makers and addressing problems associated with plastic consumption and possible paths towards mitigating problems.
• FRAM – The FRAM center for Future Chemical Risk Assessment and Management Strategies I also work with other experts within the FRAM project addressing risk assessment of chemicals and chemical mixtures used in plastic projects and relevant chemical legislation.
► TEACHING and ADVISING
As an associate professor at the university, a portion of my time is dedicated to undergraduate and Master’s level courses. I am the course leader for an introductory course in the form and function of organisms as well as an interdisciplinary introductory course in environmental science. I also teach ecotoxicology with focus on physiological effects and biochemical toxicity. In addition, I teach a course for vocational teachers aiming to include issues of sustainable development into their programs.
I am also active as an advisor for PhD candidates and Master’s students, guiding them in their independent research projects. This research is often connected to ongoing research projects within my group.
I dedicate some of my time to outreach activities and communicating research results and their implications to the general public. I also interact with other actors in society, including authorities, politician, businesses and industry, schools and museums. This is often done via lecturing, presentation of reports, interactive events or inspirational speaking. Some of this occurs via the university and ongoing research projects while other activities are conducted in collaboration with The Perfect World Foundation.
► Previous projects
I have previously working within the following projects and research platforms:
• I was PI in two FORMAS-finansed projects entitled ’A sea of plastic – are plastic particles toxic to fish?’ and ’iMPACT: Microplastic pollution and chemical toxicity’. Together with my group, I studied the uptake and effects of microplastic particles on fish. We focused on the effects of exposure to particles, both locally in the gut as well as systemic effects. I also worked together with colleagues within a third FORMAS-project ‘Microplastics in marine waters: Sources, pathways, fate and indicator species’ working to identify sources and fate of microplastics, including sinks in different compartments in the marine environment, including biota.
• Clean Coastline – I was a PI and workpackage leader within a large Interreg project in the Skagerrak Kattegatt region, aimed at develop innovative methods for modelling the spread of plastics and marine litter. Our ultimate goal was to improve cleanup and decrease the presence and effects of litter in the region.
• HCPP – Hazardous chemicals in plastic packaging I was a PI within a research funded by MAVA together with The Food Packaging Forum. We aim to produce a database covering toxic chemicals used in plastic packaging materials. We used available information to perform a risk assessment of potential health risks associated with these chemicals in humans and in the environment. We collaborated with ChemSec (International Chemical Secretariat) in identifying problematic substances and suggesting compounds for possible use in replacement. • EGO (ecotoxicology from gene to ocean)
• The NICE project (Novel instruments for effect-based assessment of chemical pollution in coastal ecosystems).
• MistraPharma (Identification and reduction of environmental risks caused by human pharmaceuticals)
TEACHING PRACTICES IN SCIENCE EDUCATION RELATED TO CHEMICAL USAGE, THEIR HAZARDS AND
Assessing the effects of textile leachates in fish using multiple testing methods: From gene expression to
Bethanie Carney Almroth, Josefine Cartine, Christina Jönander, Max Karlsson, Julie Langlois, Matilda Lindström, Jakob Lundin, Nina Melander, Argus Pesqueda, Ida Rahmqvist, Juliette Renaux, Josefin Roos, Francis Spilsbury, Joel Svalin, Hanne Vestlund, Liqian Zhao, Noomi Asker, Giedrė Ašmonaitė, Lina Birgersson, Tahereh Boloori, Frida Book, Tobias Lammel, Joachim Sturve
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - 2020-01-01
Microplastics as a Vector for Exposure to Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals in Fish: A Comparison of Two Polymers and Silica Particles Spiked With Three Model
Microplastic Vector Effects: Are Fish at Risk When Exposed via the Trophic
Accurate science requires that we base our work on accurate
Bethanie Carney Almroth, Fredrik Jutfelt, Agathe Bour
Environmental Pollution - 2020-01-01
Synthetic Microfiber and Microbead Exposure and Retention Time in Model Aquatic Species Under Different Exposure
Agathe Bour, Shahadat Hossain, M. Taylor, M. Sumner, Bethanie Carney Almroth
Frontiers in Environmental Science - 2020-01-01
A framework for selecting and designing policies to reduce marine plastic pollution in developing
On the preconditions for large-scale collective
Impacts of food contact chemicals on human health: a consensus
Jane Muncke, Anna-Maria Andersson, Thomas Backhaus, Justin M Boucher, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Arturo Castillo Castillo, Jonathan Chevrier, Barbara A Demeneix, Jorge A Emmanuel, Jean-Baptiste Fini, David Gee, Birgit Geueke, Ksenia Groh, Jerrold J Heindel, Jane Houlihan, Christopher D Kassotis, Carol F Kwiatkowski, Lisa Y Lefferts, Maricel V Maffini, Olwenn V Martin, John Peterson Myers, Angel Nadal, Cristina Nerin, Katherine E Pelch, Seth Rojello Fernández, Robert M Sargis, Ana M Soto, Leonardo Trasande, Laura N Vandenberg, Martin Wagner, Changqing Wu, R Thomas Zoeller, Martin Scheringer
Environmental health : a global access science source - 2020-01-01
Overview of known plastic packaging-associated chemicals and their
Ksenia J Groh, Thomas Backhaus, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Birgit Geueke, Pedro Inostroza, Anna Lennquist, Heather A Leslie, Maricel Maffini, Daniel Slunge, Leonardo Trasande, A Michael Warhurst, Jane Muncke
Science of the Total Environment - 2019-01-01
Oxidative stress and biomarker responses in the Atlantic halibut after long term exposure to elevated CO2 and a range of
Marine Plastic Pollution: Sources, Impacts, and Policy
Safe and sustainable waste management of self care
A. Pachauri, P. Shah, Bethanie Carney Almroth, N. P. M. Sevilla, M. Narasimhan
Bmj-British Medical Journal - 2019-01-01
On the Preconditions for Large-Scale Collective
Effects of microplastics on organisms and impact on the environment: Balancing the known and
Giedrė Ašmonaitė, Bethanie Carney Almroth
Rainbow trout maintain intestinal transport and barrier functions following exposure to polystyrene
Size matters: ingestion of relatively large microplastics contaminated with environmental pollutants posed little risk for fish health and fillet
The unaccountability case of plastic pellet
A critical perspective on early communications concerning human health aspects of
Sinja Rist, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Nanna B. Hartmann, Therese Karlsson
Science of the Total Environment - 2018-01-01
Quantifying shedding of synthetic fibers from textiles; a source of microplastics released into the
Bethanie Carney Almroth, Linn Åström, S. Roslund, H. Petersson, M. Johansson, N. K. Persson
Environmental Science and Pollution Research - 2018-01-01
Huden som konst och
Screening for microplastics in sediment, water, marine invertebrates and fish: Method development and microplastic
Marine Plastic Litter on Small Island Developing States (SIDS): Impacts and
Mikroplaster – vad är
Bethanie Carney Almroth
Bi-lagan - 2017-01-01
Micro-and macro-plastics in marine species from Nordic
Inger Lise Bråte, Huwer Bastian, Kevin Thomas, David Eidsvoll, Claudia Halsband, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Amy Lusher
Mortality and histopathological effects in harbour-transplanted snails with different exposure
M. A. Bighiu, B. Watermann, X. L. Guo, Bethanie Carney Almroth, A. K. Eriksson-Wiklund
Aquatic Toxicology - 2017-01-01
Chemical monitoring of Swedish coastal waters indicates common exceedances of environmental thresholds, both for individual substances as well as their
Metal contamination in harbours impacts life-history traits and metallothionein levels in
M. A. Bighiu, E. Gorokhova, Bethanie Carney Almroth, A. K. E. Wiklund
Plos One - 2017-01-01
Determining oxidative stress and EROD activity in dab (Limanda limanda) in the North and Baltic
Population-dependent effects of ocean
A gene to organism approach-assessing the impact of environmental pollution in eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) females and
Noomi Asker, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Eva Albertsson, M. Coltellaro, J.P. Bignell, Niklas Hanson, V. Scarcelli, B. Fagerholm, Jari Parkkonen, Emma Wijkmark, G. Frenzilli, Lars Förlin, Joachim Sturve
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry - 2015-01-01
Long telomeres are associated with clonality in wild populations of the fissiparous starfish Coscinasterias
Warmer water temperature results in oxidative damage in an Antarctic fish, the bald
Bethanie Carney Almroth, Noomi Asker, Britt Wassmur, Malin Rosengren, Fredrik Jutfelt, A. Grans, Kristina Sundell, Michael Axelsson, Joachim Sturve
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology - 2015-01-01
Waterborne beclomethasone dipropionate affects the physiology of fish while its metabolite beclomethasone is not taken
Effects of an oil spill in a harbor assessed using biomarkers of exposure in
Gender differences in health and aging of Atlantic cod subject to size selective
Oxidative stress in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon with compressed lifespan - a model for addressing
Antioxidants – healthy or
Bethanie Carney Almroth
Bioscience Explained - 2011-01-01
Early-age changes in oxidative stress in brown trout, Salmo
The impact of urban environment on oxidative damage (TBARS) and antioxidant systems in lungs and liver of great tits, Parus
Oxidative stress in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to sewage treatment plant
Protein carbonyls and antioxidant defenses in corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops) from a heavy metal polluted and a PAH polluted
Oxidative damage in rainbow trout caged in a polluted
Oxidative stress, evident in antioxidant defences and damage products, in rainbow trout caged outside a sewage treatment
Oxidative Damage in Fish Used as Biomarkers in Field and Laboratory
Bethanie Carney Almroth
Effects of an oil spill in Göteborg harbour, Sweden assessed by biomarkers in eelpout (Zoarces
Oxidative damage in eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), measured as protein carbonyls and TBARS, as
Tentative biomarkers for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in fish (Oncorhynchus
Studies of antioxidative systems, detoxifying enzymes and thiamine levels in Baltic salmon (Salmo salar) developing M74. Relations to the clinical propagation of the