To Punish or to Pardon: Attitudes Towards Justice and Reintegration for Europeans who Cooperated with the Islamic State
Most of the thousands of European citizens who traveled to Iraq and Syria to join the Islamic State (IS) now seek repatriation and reintegration into their home communities. This project seeks to understand the conditions under which Europeans view punishment of IS collaborators as fair. Can state-imposed punishments or rehabilitative measures contribute to reconciliation? Or should such transgressions result in the loss of citizenship for these Europeans, as some policymakers are promoting? Moreover, how do opinions about what should be done with returnees vary across sub-populations with differing perceptions of what constitutes legitimate justice?