GRIPES – Gothenburg Research Initiative for Politically Emergent Systems
The GRIPES project uses an interdisciplinary approach to analyzing the limits of dogwhistle-style linguistic manipulation by merging computational and theoretical linguistics with opinion research and media studies.
A dogwhistle works only if some of the population "gets it" and fails if everyone understands it well enough to act on it: "adversarial vagueness". GRIPES hypothesizes that this property makes dogwhistles "gameable" through computational methods, although organizations with an interest in doing so also have an interest in ensuring that their use of such methods remains obscure. GRIPES seeks to provide an analysis of dogwhistle development, incentives, and spread that will allow policymakers and the public to understand how this form of manipulation can be automated and how it can succeed.