Digitization has increased the visibility and accessibility of journalists. Digitization has also meant that the so-called hate cultures have emerged online. Journalists as a profession are one of the more vulnerable groups, as are politicians and cultural workers.
The first study at JMG of harassment was conducted in 2013 and showed that just under a third of Swedish journalists were exposed to threats in 2012 and 80 percent had received derogatory comments. The harassment took place mainly via digital channels.
The project Threats and hatred against journalists examines how harassment of journalists is expressed. Some of the key research questions are:
- How widespread is harassment against journalists?
- What triggers harassment?
- What democratic and work environment consequences do the harassment have?