Ideals and practices of gender equality among parents in blue- and white-collar jobs. The role of the Swedish parental insurance.
Swedish gender equality policy aims to promote an equal gender division of the care for children and opportunities to work. The parental leave has become more equally shared, with fathers using 29 % of the days with benefit in 2018. This can be understood in relation to more of the benefit being individualized. However, parents with high income and education seem to respond more to the policy incentives and share their parental leave more equally than those with low education. Do these differences depend on lower educated parents sympathizing lesser with gender equality ideals, differing material conditions rendering different possibilities to be on parental leave, or do ideals have differing meaning depending on social conditions?