Cristina Maglio Group
We study the interplay between metabolism and inflammation, an emerging field of research at the intersection between these two historically distinct disciplines. We are specifically interested in how metabolism and inflammation interact in the development of rheumatic diseases, with a specific focus on rheumatoid arthritis and systemic sclerosis.
By combining epidemiologic and –omics data from large patients’ cohorts and in vitro studies in primary human cells, our group aims to understand the interplay between metabolism and inflammation in the development of rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory joint disease affecting about 1% of the Swedish population, as well as systemic sclerosis, a rare and complex rheumatic disease affecting the immune system, the microvascular system, and the connective tissue in different organs.
Project: Role of bariatric surgery in the prevention of rheumatic diseases
Our group studied the effect of obesity surgery (also known as bariatric surgery) on the development of inflammatory joint disease in a large intervention study, the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study including more than 4000 subjects affected by obesity. We have shown that bariatric surgery decreases the incidence of gout in subjects with obesity (Maglio C et al, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2017). In the same cohort, we have also shown that bariatric surgery is associated with a lower incidence of psoriasis (Maglio C et al, Obesity 2017). On the contrary, we did not detect any association between bariatric surgery and the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in participants of the SOS study followed up for up to 29 years (Maglio C et al, Rheumatology (Oxford) 2020).
Project: Adiponectin and rheumatoid arthritis
Our group has demonstrated that high serum adiponectin levels at baseline are associated with an increased risk to develop rheumatoid arthritis in the future in subjects with obesity followed up for up to 29 years (Zhang Y et al, Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 2020). The association between baseline levels of adiponectin and risk of future development of RA in subjects with overweight/obesity has also been confirmed in an independent cohort (Zhang Y et al, Journal of Clinical Medicine 2021). In patients with untreated newly diagnosed RA, circulating adiponectin levels are associated with pro-inflammatory chemokines involved in RA pathogenesis as well as markers of inflammation (Vasileiadis, G.K et al, Biomolecules 2021). In in vitro cultured human primary fibroblast like synoviocytes, human recombinant adiponectin can induce the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines (Zhang Y et al, Frontiers in Immunology 2021).
Reumatikerförbundet, project grant
Swedish Society for Medical Research (Svenska Sällskapet för Medicinsk Forskning, SSMF)
Vetenskapsrådet (VR) Starting grant
Regional FoU collaboration project
ALF project for young researchers
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Wallenberg Centre for Molecular and Translational Medicine at the University of Gothenburg, Svenska Sällskapet för Medicinsk Forskning, Gustaf V 80-års fond
- Adipocytokines in Untreated Newly Diagnosed Rheumatoid Arthritis: Association with Circulating Chemokines and Markers of Inflammation
- Recombinant Adiponectin Induces the Production of Pro-Inflammatory Chemokines and Cytokines in Circulating Mononuclear Cells and Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes From Non-Inflamed Subjects
- Adiponectin Associates with Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk in Overweight and Obesity Independently of Other Adipokines - PubMed (nih.gov)
- Elevated adiponectin predicts the development of rheumatoid arthritis in subjects with obesity
- Bariatric surgery and the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis - a Swedish Obese Subjects study
- Bariatric Surgery and the Incidence of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis in the Swedish Obese Subjects Study
- Effects of bariatric surgery on gout incidence in the Swedish Obese Subjects study: a non-randomised, prospective, controlled intervention trial
Yuan Zhang, MD, PhD
Tahzeeb Fatima, PhD
Violetta Dubovyk, MD (visiting student)
Cecilia Överdahl, MD