Courtroom Biases: "Jury" Decision Making in the U.S. and Sweden
There are increasing concerns that criminal defendants, especially those from minorities, do not receive a trial by an
impartial jury. This program made significant contributions to the understanding of jury biases using multiple novel data sets of real-world
juries combined with quasi-experimental methods that capitalize on random variation in the composition of the "jury". These projects contribute to our understanding of how juror characteristics (race, neighborhood, gender, political affiliation) affect jury decisions. The agenda also extended to study other cognitive biases in jury decisions, including path-dependency and the effect of the expected punishment faced by the defendant. These questions were studied in jury decisions in Harris County, Texas, Swedish nämndemän (lay judge) decisions, and trials at the Old Bailey, London.