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Pavol Jakubec

Doctoral Student

Department of Historical
Visiting address
Renströmsgatan 6
41255 Göteborg
Postal address
Box 200
40530 Göteborg

About Pavol Jakubec


2009, MA, Charles University (Prague), History & Norwegian

Focus: International History, Diplomatic History in particular (19th.-20th. century); Nordic countries; Central Europe; Middle East; International Relations (IR); History of International Law; Exile

My project is a part of the National Graduate School of Historical Studies (Nationella forskarskolan i historiska studier. progrramme.

The thrust of the Axis powers redrew the map of Europe in the late 1930s and during the ʻphoney warʼ. In s few years, interwar Europe´s international structure has collapsed. Innumerable émigrés, political leaders among them, set out from home for safe destinations. Their first station was often Paris with its cosmopolitan traditions and, following its rapid fall in June 1940, London. Not only the Czechs and the Poles sought refuge on the opposite side of the English Channel. The Royal house of Norway and its Labour ministry arrived to Scotland in June 1940, swiftly moving on to London. In doing so, the Norwegians joined the Belgians, the Dutch and the Luxemburgois. With the war inflagrating the continent, the royal houses of Greece and Yugoslavia followed the path in 1941. In addition, several nations formed the so-called 'free movements'. London became their headquarters from where it should be feasable to ‘set Europe ablaze’. The city hosted an emerging international society, it became a Europe in miniature.

The aim of my project “Building Bridges or Lost in Translation? Czechoslovakia, Norway and Poland in Exile, 1939-1945” is to follow small state foreign policy making in exile, i.e. how strategies projected to safeguard national interests were formulated and pursued under emergency conditions. Which shape did communication between small power exiled elites take? Was a common interest an operating ʻbridgeʼ? What were the implications for post-war security arrangements and for visions of Europe?