Jahangir Khan


School of Public Health and Community
Visiting address
Medicinaregatan 18A
41390 Göteborg
Postal address
Box 469
40530 Göteborg

About Jahangir Khan


Jahangir A. M. Khan is a professor of health economics and Deputy Director of the Centre for Health Governance at the University. He leads Health Economics and Policy Research Group. He had his basic education (BSc and MSc) in Economics from Stockholm University and later completed PhD from Karolinska Institutet in Health Systems Research with Health Economics track. He worked at the department of Public Health Sciences and Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics of Karolinska Institutet as a Researcher; at icddr,b (an international health research institute in Bangladesh) as an International Scientist and head of the Health Economics Unit and at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in the United Kingdom as a Senior Lecturer before joining the University of Gothenburg in 2020. Khan is an affiliated Docent at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. He was an adjunct Professor at the James P Grant School of Public Health in Brac University, Bangladesh.

Research interest

Currently Khan works with Health Technology Assessments at Region Västra Götaland along with care process evaluation of National Program Areas (NPO), funded Region Västra Götaland to at the university. Valuation of health of Bangladeshi populations using EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L instruments is another research interest of Khan.

Universal health coverage (UHC) ensures that everybody can use the promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health services they need, with sufficient quality, at an affordable price (SDG target 3.8). For reaching this target, revenue collection for healthcare and its efficient and equitable use is essential. Khan's research thus deals with UHC status and its progress in different countries, employing the theories of health economics (among others) and relevant empirical investigations. His research thus includes healthcare financing, health insurance, catastrophic expenditure and poverty impact of sickness, disability and deaths, economic evaluation of health interventions (like, cost-effectiveness analysis) and so forth. He utilizes health econometrics in his research largely. Building capacity of potential research students of analysing UHC status and its progress in countries with different economic levels is a major interest of Khan.

Selected Publications

Sarker AR, Zabeen I, Hossain Z, Ali N, Khan JAM. 2023. Massive increase in caesarean birth in Bangladesh: A household-level pooled analysis. Birth. (22 November, 2023).

Iem V, Bimba JS, Santos VS, Dominguez J, Creswell J, Somphavong S, Wingfield T, Khan JAM, Cuevas LE. Pooling sputum testing to diagnose tuberculosis using xpert MTB/RIF and xpert ultra: a cost-effectiveness analysis. BMC Infect Dis. 2023 May 22;23(1):341. doi: 10.1186/s12879-023-08330-9. PMID: 37217868; PMCID: PMC10201466.

Ahmed S, Ahmed MW, Hasan MZ, Mehdi GG, Islam Z, Rehnberg C, Niessen LW, Khan JAM. 2022. Assessing the incidence of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment from out-of-pocket payments and their determinants in Bangladesh: evidence from the nationwide Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2016. Int Health. Jan 19;14(1):84-96. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihab015. PMID: 33823538; PMCID: PMC8769950.

Ahmed S, Dorin F, Satter SM, Sarker AR, Sultana M, Gastanaduy PA, Parashar U, Tateh JE, Gurley ES, Khan JAM. 2021. James D. Heffelfingera. 2021. The economic burden of rotavirus hospitalization among children < 5 years of age in selected hospitals in Bangladesh, Vaccine 39(48): 7082-7090.

Ahmed S, Hasan MZ, Ali N, Ahmed MW, Haq ME, Sabnam S, Chowdhury M, Gahan B, Bousquet C, Khan JAM, Islam Z. 2021. Effectiveness of health voucher scheme and micro-health insurance scheme to support the poor and extreme poor in selected urban areas of Bangladesh: An assessment using a mixed-method approach. PLOS ONE 16(11): e0256067.

Sultana R, Luby SP, Gurley ES, Rimi NA, Swarna ST, Khan JAM, Nahar N, Ghosh PK, Howlader SR, Kabir H, Khan S, Jensen PKM. 2021. Cost of illness for severe and non-severe diarrhea borne by households in a low-income urban community of Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. (accepted)

Ahmed S, Ahmed MW, Hasan MZ, Mehdi GG, Islam Z, Rehnberg C, Niessen LW, Khan JAM. 2021. Assessing the incidence of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment from out-of-pocket payments and their determinants in Bangladesh: evidence from the nationwide Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2016. Int Health. 2021 Apr 6:ihab015. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihab015. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33823538.

Ahmed S, Sarma H, Hasan Z, Rahman M, Ahmed MW, Islam MA, Wouabe ED, Mbuya MNN, Ahmed T, Khan JAM. 2020. Cost-effectiveness of a Market-Based Home-fortification of Food with Micronutrient Powder Programme in Bangladesh, Public Health Nutrition 1-12. doi:10.1017/S1368980020003602.

Alatawi AD, Niessen LW, Khan JAM. 2020. Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Public Hospitals: The Case of Saudi Arabia. Health Econ Rev. 1;10(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s13561-020-00282-z. PMID: 32740779; PMCID: PMC7395424.

Reed-Embleton H, Arambepola S, Dixon S, Maldonado BN, Premawardhena A, Arambepola M, Khan JAM, Allen S. A cost-of-illness analysis of β-Thalassaemia major in children in Sri Lanka - experience from a tertiary level teaching hospital. BMC Pediatr. 2020 May 27;20(1):257. doi: 10.1186/s12887-020-02160-3. PMID: 32460774; PMCID: PMC7251920.

Chowdhury AS, Ahmed MS, Ahmed S, Khanam F, Farjana F, Reza S, Islam S, Islam A, Khan JAM, Rahman M. Estimating Catastrophic Costs due to Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Bangladesh. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2020 Jun 7;11(1):83–91. doi: 10.2991/jegh.k.200530.001. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32959604; PMCID: PMC7958273.

Sarker AR, Islam Z, Sultana M, Sheikh N, Mahumud RA, Islam MT, Van Der Meer R, Morton A, Khan AI, Clemens JD, Qadri F, Khan JAM. 2020. Willingness to pay for oral cholera vaccines in urban Bangladesh. PLoS ONE 15(4): e0232600.

Ahmed S, Sarker AR, Sultana M, Roth F, Mahumud RA, Kamruzzaman M, Hasan MZ, Mirelman AJ, Islam Z, Niessen LW, Rehnberg C, Khan AKA, Gyr N, Khan JAM. 2019. Does Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Scheme affect the Utilization of Medically Trained Providers and Out-of-pocket Payments among Ready-Made Garment Workers in Bangladesh? - a Case-Control Study, BMJ Open10:e030298. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030298

Alatawi A. Niessen L. Khan JAM. 2019. Efficiency evaluation of public hospitals in Saudi Arabia: An application of Data Envelopment Analysis. BMJ Open BMJ Open 2020;10:e031924. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031924.

Rijal A, Adhikari TB, Khan JAM, Berg-Beckhoff G. 2019. The economic impact of non-communicable diseases among households in South Asia and their coping strategy: A Systematic Review, Plos One. Jan 25;14(1):e0211588. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205745

Sichali JM, Khan JAM, Gama E, Madan J, Banda HT, Bello GAF, Namakhoma I, Bongololo G, Thomson R, Malmborg R, Stenberg B, Squire SB. 2019. Direct costs of illness of patients with chronic cough in rural Malawi – experiences from Dowa and Ntchisi districts. PLoS One. 2019 Dec 31;14(12):e0225712. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225712. eCollection 2019.

Khan JAM, Ahmed S, Sultana M, Sarker AR, Chakrovorty S, Rahman MH, Islam Z, Rehnberg C, Niessen LW. 2019. The effect of a Community-Based Health Insurance on the Out-of-pocket Payments for Utilizing Medically Trained Providers in Bangladesh, Int Health 00-1-12.

Ahmed S, Hasan MZ, Laokri S, Jannat Z, Ahmed MW, Dorin F, Vargas V, Khan JAM. 2019. Technical efficiency of public district hospitals in Bangladesh: a data envelopment analysis, Cost Eff Resour Alloc 17:15.

Khan AI, Levin A, Chao DL, DeRoeck D, Dimitrov DT, Khan JAM, Islam MS, Ali M, Islam MT, Sarker AR, Clemens JD, Qadri F. 2018. The impact and cost-effectiveness of controlling cholera through the use of oral cholera vaccines in urban Bangladesh: a disease modeling and economic analysis, Plos Neg Trop Dis, Oct 9;12(10):e0006652.

Niessen LW, Mohan D, Akuoko JK, Mirelman A, Ahmed S, Koehlmoos TP, Trujillo A, Khan JAM, Peters D. 2018. Tackling socio-economic inequalities and non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries under the sustainable development agenda – a review, Lancet. 2018 May 19;391(10134):2036-2046.

Pecenka C, Parashar U, Tate JE, Khan JAM, Groman D, Chacko S, Shamsuzzaman Md, Clark A, Atherly D. 2017. Impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in Bangladesh. Vaccine, Jul 13;35(32):3982-3987.

Sarker AR, Islam Z, Khan IA, Saha A, Chowdhury F, Khan AI, Cravioto A, Clemens JD, Qadri F, Khan JAM. 2015. Estimating the cost of cholera-vaccine delivery from the societal point of view: A case of introduction of cholera vaccine in Bangladesh. Vaccine, Sep 11;33(38):4916-21.

Reports based on review and analysis

Edebo A, Andersson J, Gustavsson J, Jivegård L, Khan J, Ribokas D, Svanberg T, Wallerstedt SM. Benefits and risks of using laparoscopic ultrasonography versus intraoperative cholangiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstone disease [Nytta och risker med laparoskopiskt ultraljud jämfört med kolangiografi under laparoskopisk kolecystektomi för gallstenssjukdom]. Göteborg: Västra Götalandsregionen, Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, HTA-centrum: 2023. Regional activity-based HTA 2024:136

Ydrefelt E, Di Leone F, Khan J, Liljedahl SI, Liljegren A, Stadig I, Sjögren P, Bernhardsson S. General psychiatric management for patients with personality disorder and/or self-harm behaviour [General Psychiatric Management för patienter med personlighetsstörning och/eller självskadebeteende]. Göteborg: Västra Götalandsregionen, Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, HTA-centrum: 2023. Regional activity-based HTA 2023:135.

Eeg-Olofsson K, Hero C, Khan J, Petzold M, Sjögren P, Sjövall H, Stadig I, Svanberg T, Hongslo Vala C. Efficacy and safety of advanced hybrid closed loop insulin pump systems compared with multiple daily injections or open loop systems, in adults with type 1 diabetes. [Effekt och säkerhet hos avancerade hybrida insulinpumpsystem med sluten slinga jämfört med flera dagliga injektioner med insulin eller insulinpumpsystem med öppen slinga, hos vuxna med typ 1-diabetes]. Göteborg: Västra Götalandsregionen, Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, HTA-centrum: 2023. Regional activity based HTA 2023:134.

Vallo Hult H, Elden H, Frerichs M, Gelander L, Greim G, Jivegård L, Khan J, Magnusson K, Mourtzinis G, Nyström O, Quitz K, Scharenberg C, Sjöland H, Svanberg T, Svedberg M, Wartenberg C. Egenmonitorering - evidenskartläggning genom sammanställning av systematiska översikter för utvalda diagnosgrupper [Remote patient monitoring– an overview of systematic reviews for selected diagnosis groups]. Göteborg: Västra Götalandsregionen, Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, HTA-centrum: 2023. HTA 2023:133.

Ahmed S, Ahmed W, Saha K, Rawat R, Khan JAM. 2015. Estimating Costs of Infant and Young Child-Feeding (IYCF) Practices Improvement Program in Bangladesh Using Activity-Based Costing Approach. Icddr,b, Bangladesh.

Ahmed S, Ahmed W, Saha K, Rawat R, Khan JAM. 2016. Costs-effectiveness of Infant and Young Child-Feeding (IYCF) Practices Improvement Program in Bangladesh. Icddr,b, Bangladesh.

Panda P, Dror I, Koehlmoos TP, Hossain SAS, John D, Khan JAM, Dror D. 2014. What factors affect take up of voluntary and community-based health insurance programmes in low- and middle- income countries? A systematic review, 3ie Systematic Reviews – SR4/1009 Review April, 2014.

Sarker BK, Higgins J, Mridha MK, Ferdous J, Dasgupta SK, Ahmed S, Khan J, Reichenbach L. 2012. Caesarean Delivery in Urban Slums of Dhaka City: Indications and Consequences, Manoshi Working Paper 18, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Islam Z, Khan J, Alam K, Hanfi TS, Sarker S. 2011. Costs of Manoshi Delivery Centres: Normal Delivery, ANC and PNC, Manoshi Working Paper 13, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Rehnberg C, Janlöv N, Jonathan L, Khan J. 2010. Choice of health care – 2 year follow-up on costs, productivity and equity in primary medical care consumption (Uppföljning av husläkarsystemet inom Vårdval Stockholm – redovisning av de två första årens erfarenheter), Stockholm County Council report, Sweden, ISBN: 978-91-86313-41-8 (In Swedish).

Rehnberg C, Janlöv N, Khan J. 2009. Follow-up of Healthcare Choice in Stockholm 2008 (Uppföljning av Vårdval Stockholm år 2008), Karolinska Institutets Folkhälsoakademi, rapport 2009:6, Stockholm. (In Swedish)

Khan J. 2011. Inpatient Healthcare in Bangladesh: Current Status and Future Prospects towards Achieving Universal Health Coverage, Bangladesh Health Watch Report, 2011. BRAC Centre, Bangladesh.

Comment in peer-reviewed journals

Niessen L, Khan JAM. 2016. Universal access to medicines, The Lancet 387(10013): 9–11.