The world population is ageing. It is estimated that by the year 2050, two billion people will be 60+ years of age: 61 percent of whom live in Asia. The research in this stream intends to shed light on what factors are associated with healthy ageing, defined as freedom from illness, disability, and dependency and a connectedness with society which can be called “active ageing”. This stream further explores health inequalities which persist among the ageing.
Most studies on ageing and older populations have been conducted in high-income countries in the last few decades, for example, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), the US Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). To address the research gaps on population ageing in LMICs where data on older people’s health and wellbeing is scarce, the World Health Organization initiated the Study on global ageing and adult health (WHO SAGE) in 2007 in six LMICs, including China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation and South Africa. Since then, several other longitudinal studies on ageing have flourished in low- and middle-income countries, including the Costa Rican Longevity and Healthy Aging Study (CRELES), the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA), the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI), and the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).
Most of the research in this research stream utilize the longitudinal data on ageing described, and are conducted together with the doctoral students and the master students at the University of Gothenburg and at Lund University.