HOPE – Help Overcoming Pain Early
The aim of the project was to develop and evaluate a student health-based intervention called ‘Help Overcoming Pain Early’ (HOPE). The goal of the intervention was to promote young people’s ability to manage long-term pain. The school nurses received training on biopsychosocial perspectives, including the theory of neurophysiology, on the causes and connections between long-term pain, stress, sleep problems and functional ability in everyday life. They also received further training in stress and pain management. During the four-person sessions with the school nurses, the young persons discussed the specific problems they faced and tested strategies to deal with their problems. Furthermore, the young persons assessed whether they could integrate the strategies into their everyday lives. Outcome measures used were confidence in one’s own ability to carry out daily activities, pain intensity and pain impact, insomnia and self-rated health.