The collection in 6th grade
The final version of the student survey and the various cover letters were sent by the project staff to Statistics Sweden in mid-January 2005, who printed and distributed the survey. The information letter to the principal and the teachers concerned was sent in week 4. A letter, written by the National Agency for Education to the principal, about the national significance of the survey, was also included in the information material. The student questionnaire was then sent to the principal during week 10. The consignment contained additional information about the survey and instructions, both to the principal and to the teacher. A reminder with a new questionnaire was sent to the Rector in week 17. This was followed by two telephone reminders to the Rector, in week 19 and week 22. The collection was completed in June 2005, after which the bound questionnaire responses were read by Statistics Sweden and sent to the University of Gothenburg in unidentifiable condition.
More about the implementation can be read in the Technical Report Statistics Sweden compiled in connection with the submission of data, see under the heading reports.
The sample includes 10147 individuals in this survey. The number of students who answered all or parts of the questionnaire is 8232, the parent questionnaire 7672 and the teacher questionnaire 860. The proportion who answered the student questionnaire is 82 percent, the parent questionnaire 77 percent and the teacher questionnaire 58 percent.
The reports present the results from the various surveys through descriptive tables and diagrams. Several of the questions contain sub-questions that may represent indicators of more elusive phenomena. These scored sub-questions may form the basis for scales, which provide a more reliable means of measuring a phenomenon than individual questions can do. The reliability of the scales has been estimated using Cronbach's alpha and overall, all scales have an acceptable reliability.
The results from the data collection are described in three reports, one for each questionnaire, see under the heading reports.
The Cognitive tests are intelligence tests containing tasks of a verbal, inductive and spatial nature. These have been given at each collection in 6th grade and began with the evaluation in 1961. The three subtests and how they were developed are described in Svensson, A. (1964) (pdf downloadable from GUPEA, in Swedish).
As of the 2005 evaluation, there is another newly constructed verbal test.
- Antonyms: To choose the opposite of a particular keyword among four options
- Sheet metal folding: To work out which of the four figures you get, if you fold a pictured “sheet metal piece”
- Number series: To continue a number series, where six numbers are given, with two more numbers
- Synonyms: To enter the synonym for a particular keyword among four options
More about the cognitive tests can be read in:
Relative achievement: school performance in relation to intelligence, sex and home environment (pdf downloadable from GUPEA)
Questionnaire for students
The questionnaire includes 20 questions in addition to the cognitive tests. Most of the questions are formulated as main questions with a number of sub-questions with four or five answer alternatives. By constructing scales and using the sub-questions as indicators, it is possible to access phenomena that are difficult to measure. The questions concern the following areas.
- Six questions (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) concern students' general perception of their ability to acquire knowledge and skills in nine different areas of knowledge and their general interest in and how important it is for them to learn in these areas. The questions also concern the students' perception of their ability to cope with certain specific tasks in Swedish, English and mathematics.
- Four questions (7, 8, 9 and 15) concern a sense of context or how students feel in different learning and social contexts in school and their general school well-being.
- One question (10) concerns the students' motivation to learn in school or how often they try to achieve a number of specific goals with their learning.
- One question (11) concerns how often certain forms of work occur in the classroom.
- Three questions (12, 13 and 14) concern the existence of and use of time for homework or assignments, as well as help with homework at home.
- Two questions (16 and 17) concern the parents' involvement in the child's school situation and future educational plans.
- Three questions (18, 19 and 20) are about students' hobbies.
The exact wording of the questions can be found in the questionnaire for the students in 6th grade (pdf in Swedish).
Questionnaire to the guardians
The questionnaire conducted in 2005 included 15 questions. The first seven questions concern certain factual circumstances, such as conditions of upbringing and the extent to which the student has participated in preschool activities. Most of the other questions aim to provide a picture of the contact between children and parents and how the parents view the school's activities. Each of the questions consists of a number of sub-questions which concern the following areas:
- progress talks and parent teacher meetings
- the requirements set by the school
- the child's school situation
- the importance of various school subjects
- communication between children and parents
- the information from the school
- school resources
- the school's knowledge transfer
The exact wording of the questions can be found in the questionnaire for the guardians in 6th grade(pdf in Swedish).
Questionnaire for teachers
At two previous collections, the teachers have also received a questionnaire to get as complete a picture as possible of the student's school situation. The teacher questionnaire consists of 22 questions. Most of the questions are formulated as main questions with a number of sub-questions. The questions concern the following:
- facts about the teacher
- information on the size and composition of the class
- the teacher's assessments of the class' level of knowledge
- experience of school and work content
- working methods and working conditions
- parental involvement
- the existence of evaluations
The exact wording of the questions can be found in the questionnaire for teachers (pdf in Swedish).