The development of the Work Stress Questionnaire (WSQ)

Research project

Short description

The Work Stress Questionnaire (WSQ) has been designed specifically for early identification of people at risk for sick leave due to work-related stress. The questionnaire is developed in the context of primary health care, and from the perspective of the sick-listed person. The WSQ consists of 21 main questions on perceived stress due to indistinct organization and conflicts, individual demands and commitment, influence at work and work interference with leisure time.

The reliability and face validity of the WSQ has been tested and found to be good (WSQ och development of a questionnaire).

Ongoing project

  • Work-related stress measured by the Work Stress Questionnaire as predictor of officially registered sickness absence up to ten years later: The Population Study of Women in Gothenburg. The project uses data from The Population Study of Women in Gothenburg which is conducted at the unit for general medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.


The Work Stress Questionnaire (WSQ) - Reliability and face validity among male workers 
Frantz A, Holmgren K
BMC Public Health 2019 Nov; 27;19(1):1580

(1) Early identification of work-related stress predicted sickness absence in employed women with musculoskeletal or mental disorders. A prospective, longitudinal study in a primary health care setting. 
Holmgren K, Fjällström Lundgren M, Hensing G
Disabil Rehabil 2013 Mar; 35(5):418-26

The prevalence of work-related stress, and its association with self-perceived health and sick-leave, in a population of employed Swedish women. 
Holmgren K, Dahlin-Ivanoff S, Björkelund C, Hensing G
BMC Public Health 2009 Mar; 2;9:73

Development of a questionnaire assessing work-related stress in women - identifying individuals who risk being put on sick leave.  
Holmgren K, Hensing G, Dahlin-Ivanoff S 
Disabil Rehabil  2009 31 (4), 284-92

Women on sickness absence--views of possibilities and obstacles for returning to work. A focus group study.   
Holmgren K, Dahlin-Ivanoff S
Disabil Rehabil 2004 Feb;26 (4), 213-22