Explanations of non-unionization among young wage-earners in Sweden
In an international perspective, the Swedish union density is very high. However, since the middle of the 1990s it has steadily decreased; in 2008 it was at the same level as in the early 1970s. In addition, the union density among young employees has largely decreased. The aim of this project is to explain the decline in union membership among young employees. Could it be explained by a change of attitudes – are the young more individualistically oriented, or do they organise in new and different ways in comparison to older generations? Should we seek the explanation in structural labour market changes? That is, have the jobs and workplaces where the unions traditionally have been weak increased? Or are processes of flexibilisation and individualisation of work and employment counteracting unionization?