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Monitoring pulmonary perfusion by electrical impedance tomography: an evaluation in a pig model.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anneli Fagerberg
Ola Stenqvist
Anders Åneman
Publicerad i Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volym 53
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 152-8
ISSN 1399-6576
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för anestesiologi och intensivvård
Sidor 152-8
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-6576.2008...
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive technique that generates images of impedance distribution. Changes in the pulmonary content of air and blood are major determinants of thoracic impedance. This study was designed to evaluate EIT in monitoring pulmonary perfusion in a wide range of cardiac output. METHODS: Eight anaesthetised, mechanically ventilated pigs were fitted with a 16-electrode belt at the mid-thoracic level to generate EIT images that were analysed to determine pulse-synchronous systolic changes in impedance (DeltaZ(sys)). Stroke volume (SV) was derived using a pulmonary artery catheter. Reductions in cardiac pre-load, and thus pulmonary perfusion, were induced either by inflating the balloon of a Fogarty catheter positioned in the inferior caval vein or by increasing the positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). All measurements were performed in a steady state during a short apnoea. RESULTS: Pulse-synchronous changes in DeltaZ(sys) were easily discernable during apnoea. Balloon inflation reduced SV to 36% of the baseline, with a corresponding decrease in DeltaZ(sys) to 45% of baseline. PEEP reduced SV and DeltaZ(sys) to 52% and 44% of the baseline, respectively. Significant correlations between SV and DeltaZ(sys) were demonstrated during all measurements (rho=0.62) as well as during balloon inflation (rho=0.73) and increased PEEP (rho=0.40). A Bland-Altman comparison of relative changes in SV and DeltaZ(sys) demonstrated a bias of -7%, with 95% limits of agreement at -51% and 36%. CONCLUSIONS: EIT provided beat-to-beat approximations of pulmonary perfusion that significantly correlated to a wide range of SV values achieved during both extra and intrapulmonary interventions to change cardiac output.

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