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Child neurodevelopmental and behavioural problems are intercorrelated and dimensionally distributed in the general population

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Henrik Anckarsäter
Tomas Larson
Sara Lina Hansson
Eva Carlström
Ola Ståhlberg
I Carina Gillberg
Maria Råstam
Christopher Gillberg
Paul Lichtenstein
Publicerad i The Open Psychiatry Journal
Volym 2
Sidor 5-11
ISSN 1874-3544
Publiceringsår 2008
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 5-11
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874354400802010...
Ämnesord Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Autism spectrum, Tics, Comorbidity, Prevalence.
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

The Autism – Tics, AD/HD, and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) is a comprehensive interview for evaluating problems related to autism spectrum disorders (ASD), tic disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), and common comorbid conditions in children and adolescents. A-TAC telephone interviews were administered to parents of 2,957 children aged nine- or twelve-years, representing one in each twin pair included in the population- based Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS). A total of 16.4% were screen-positive for one or several of the targeted disorder, 1.3% for ASD and 5.6% for AD/HD. All types of problems were more common among boys, with the exception of those related to “eating habits”. They were all dimensionally/continuously distributed, highly inter-correlated, and overlapped across types. They aggregated in three ba- sic factors corresponding to externalizing/disruptiveness, socio-communicative problems, and compulsiveness. Population-based data on problems in children thus challenge current categorical diagnostic definitions, calling for dimen- sional and complementary models of problem descriptions.

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