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The relation between risk, sense of coherence and well-being in parents of children with and without intellectual disabilities

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Malin Broberg Olsson
Pernilla Larsman
Philip Hwang
Publicerad i Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disability
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 227-236
Publiceringsår 2008
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 227-236
Språk en
Ämnesord Intellectual disabilities, parents, sense of coherence
Ämneskategorier Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Aims: The purpose of the present study was to study the nature and function of the relation between level of risk, SOC and well-being, over time, in mothers and fathers of preschool children with and without intellectual disabilities. The hypothesis that SOC functions as a moderator between risk and well-being was tested. Method: Parents of children with intellectual disabilities (62 (46 at follow-up) mothers and 49 (37 at follow-up) fathers) and control parents (178 (131 at follow-up) mothers and 141 (97 at follow-up) fathers) answered self-report measures on risk factors (child behavior problems, negative impact on the family and socioeconomic situation) and sense of coherence. Well-being and Quality of life were used as outcomes and were measured at baseline and at a one-year follow-up. The hypothesis of moderation was tested conducting multiple linear regression analyses. Results: The level of well-being was moderately stable over the two time points, with parents of children with ID having lower level of well-being than control parents both initially and after one year. Well-being was also related to level of SOC and cumulative risk with parents experiencing lower SOC or more risk also reporting lower well-being. The hypothesis of SOC acting as a moderator in the relation between cumulative risk and well-being found some support in the longitudinal analyses, but only for well-being (BDI-2r) among control mothers.

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