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In-Court versus Out-of-Court Testimonies: Children's Experiences and Adults’ Assessment: How presentation mode affects observers’ perception, assessment and memory

Paper i proceeding
Författare Sara Landström
Pär-Anders Granhag
Publicerad i Paper presented at the 18th European Conference on Psychology and Law, Maastricht, Holland, 08.07.03.
Publiceringsår 2008
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Presentation Mode, Live, Video, Two-way CCTV, Child witnesses, Deception Detection
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

The study examined the effects of different presentation modes on child witnesses’ experiences and adults’ perception and veracity assessment. Truth-telling and lying children (N= 108) were interviewed about an event. Adult mock jurors (N = 240) watched the children’s testimonies live, via two-way closed-circuit television (CCTV), or via pre-recorded video. The mock jurors rated their perception of the children, and assessed the children’s veracity. The live observers perceived the children in more positive term than did the two-way CCTV observers. Furthermore, the two-way CCTV observers perceived the children in more positive terms than did the video observers. In brief, it seems as the more proximal the presentation mode, the more positive the observers’ perception. The observers’ overall deception detection accuracy was mediocre (58.3%). Finally, fewer children of those who testified on video stated that they were nervous, compared to the children who testified live or via two-way CCTV.

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