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Is pre-term labour associated with periodontitis in a Danish maternity ward?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare T Skuldbøl
K H Johansen
Gunnar Dahlén
K Stoltze
P Holmstrup
Publicerad i Journal of clinical periodontology
Volym 33
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 177-83
ISSN 0303-6979
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 177-83
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006...
Ämnesord Adult, Alveolar Bone Loss, radiography, Alveolar Process, radiography, Bacteroides, isolation & purification, Capnocytophaga, isolation & purification, Case-Control Studies, Dental Plaque, microbiology, Dental Plaque Index, Female, Gingival Hemorrhage, classification, Humans, Obstetric Labor, Premature, Peptostreptococcus, isolation & purification, Periodontal Pocket, classification, Periodontitis, complications, Pregnancy, Radiography, Bitewing, Smoking, Streptococcus intermedius, isolation & purification, Streptococcus oralis, isolation & purification, Streptococcus sanguis, isolation & purification, Tooth Cervix, radiography, Treponema denticola, isolation & purification
Ämneskategorier Oral mikrobiologi, Parodontologi

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVES: To reveal differences in periodontal status and presence of subgingival bacteria in a Scandinavian population of women with pre-term birth compared with women who delivered at term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one women with pre-term labour (before week 35) and 33 women with term labour (between weeks 38 and 41) were included in this case-control study. Periodontal measurements included plaque index (PlI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and bleeding on probing (BOP). Inter-proximal distances from the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) to the marginal bone crest (MBC) were measured on bitewing radiographs. In 31 patients (16 cases and 15 controls) the subgingival plaque was analysed using "checkerboard" DNA-DNA hybridization. RESULTS: Differences between the two examined groups were found related to "Twin births" (p=0.0064) and "Smokers" (p=0.03). None of the periodontal measurements showed any association. Significant differences were found concerning presence of Tannerella forsythensis, Treponema denticola, Peptostreptococcus micros, Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguis and Capnocytophaga ochracea but when defining sites with >10(5) bacteria as heavily colonized, no statistical difference was found between the two groups. CONCLUSION: A relation between pre-term birth and periodontitis was not revealed in the present study.

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