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The relation between joint attention, pretend play and parents’ style of comments.

Paper i proceeding
Författare Karin Strid
Tomas Tjus
Mikael Heimann
Publicerad i Meeting of Minds 2, 7-9 feb., Herning, Denmark.
Publiceringsår 2007
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Pretend play, joint attention, parent interaction autism
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

The present study investigated the relation between joint attention, pretend play, and parents’ verbal comments in a group of low functioning children with autism. Method Twenty children with autism participated (mean age = 5:9 years; language age = 2:6 years, mental age = 3:9 years). The Early Social Communication Scales were used to assess the children’s ability to initiate or respond to joint attention (IJA or RJA). In a free play situation, frequencies and duration of the children’s pretend play and frequencies of parents’ comments about children’s focus on objects related or not related to play situation were measured. Results A positive and statistically significant correlation was noted between IJA and RJA and observed frequency and duration of pretend play. Furthermore, the parents’ comments about objects related to the play situation were related to high-level IJA (e.g. pointing). Finally, a positive relation was observed between frequency of parents’ comments about objects not related to the play situation, RJA and time spent in pretend play. Conclusions The ability for joint attention and pretend play is related in autism. Individual differences in both areas are also related to the kind of verbal comments parents make when interacting with the child

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