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Modeling of the buccal and lingual bone walls of fresh extraction sites following implant installation.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Mauricio G Araújo
Jan Wennström
Jan Lindhe
Publicerad i Clinical oral implants research
Volym 17
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 606-14
ISSN 0905-7161
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 606-14
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2006...
Ämnesord Alveolar Bone Loss, etiology, Alveolar Process, pathology, Animals, Bone Remodeling, Dental Implantation, Endosseous, adverse effects, Dogs, Mandibular Diseases, etiology, Surgical Flaps, Tooth Extraction, adverse effects, Tooth Socket, pathology
Ämneskategorier Parodontologi

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the reduction of the alveolar ridge that occurs following tooth extraction and implant placement is influenced by the size of the hard tissue walls of the socket. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six beagle dogs were used. The third premolar and first molar in both quadrants of the mandible were used. Mucoperiostal flaps were elevated and the distal roots were removed. Implants were installed in the fresh extraction socket in one side of the mandible. The flaps were replaced to allow a semi-submerged healing. The procedure was repeated in the contra later side of the mandible after 2 months. The animals were sacrificed 1 month after the final implant installation. The mandibles were dissected, and each implant site was removed and processed for ground sectioning. RESULTS: Marked hard tissue alterations occurred during healing following tooth extraction and implant installation in the socket. The marginal gap that was present between the implant and the walls of the socket at implantation disappeared as a result of bone fill and resorption of the bone crest. The modeling in the marginal defect region was accompanied by marked attenuation of the dimensions of both the delicate buccal and the wider lingual bone wall. Bone loss at molar sites was more pronounced than at the premolar locations. CONCLUSION: Implant placement failed to preserve the hard tissue dimension of the ridge following tooth extraction. The buccal as well as the lingual bone walls were resorbed. At the buccal aspect, this resulted in some marginal loss of osseointegration.

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