Till sidans topp

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion
Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11 15:12

Tipsa en vän
Utskriftsversion

Children born to HIV-1-in… - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Children born to HIV-1-infected women in Sweden in 1982-2003: trends in epidemiology and vertical transmission.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lars Navér
Susanne Lindgren
Erik Belfrage
Katarina Gyllensten
Knut Lidman
Magnus Gisslén
Anneka Ehrnst
Malin Arneborn
Ann-Britt Bohlin
Publicerad i Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Volym 42
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 484-9
ISSN 1525-4135
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar
Sidor 484-9
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.000022457...
Ämnesord Adult, Disease Transmission, Vertical, Female, HIV Infections, epidemiology, transmission, HIV-1, Humans, Infant, Pregnancy, Prospective Studies, Sweden, epidemiology
Ämneskategorier Medicin och Hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

To describe the HIV-1 epidemic among childbearing women and their children in Sweden, a population-based analysis of data on all known mother-child pairs in Sweden with perinatal exposure to HIV-1 1982-2003 was conducted. The mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rate in children prospectively followed from birth decreased from 24.7% in 1985-1993 to 5.7% in 1994-1998 and 0.6% in 1999-2003. The use of antiretroviral treatment of the mother during pregnancy and/or prophylactic antiretroviral intervention increased from 2.3% to 91.6% during the same period, and the elective cesarean delivery rate increased from 8.0% to 80.3%. No MTCT of HIV-1 occurred in Sweden after 1999.Fifty-one vertically HIV-1-infected children aged 2.7 to 17.6 years were living in Sweden by 31 December 2003, 71% being treated with antiretroviral agents. No HIV-1-related child death has been reported in Sweden after 1996. The conclusion is that MTCT of HIV-1 can be almost eliminated when appropriate resources are available. A national pregnancy screening program for HIV-1 running since 1987 with a high acceptance rate and the implementation of measures to prevent MTCT since 1994 have resulted in a significant decrease in the number of infected children. Inasmuch as knowledge of the infection status of the mother is crucial for reduction in MTCT of HIV-1, continued antenatal screening is important even in a low-prevalence country such as Sweden.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?