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Recycling and burial of organic carbon in sediments of the Porcupine Abyssal Plain, NE Atlantic

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare H. Ståhl
Anders Tengberg
Jenny Brunnegård
Per Hall
Publicerad i Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers
Volym 51
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 777-791
Publiceringsår 2004
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi
Sidor 777-791
Språk en
Länkar <Go to ISI>://000222221100002
Ämnesord NE Atlantic, Porcupine Abyssal Plain, deep-sea sediments, organic, carbon, benthic fluxes, recycling, oxygen demand, seasonality, burial, benthic lander, EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL-MARGIN, EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC, COMMUNITY, OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION, BIOGENIC PARTICLE FLUXES, DEEP-SEA SEDIMENTS, GOBAN, SPUR, NORTHEASTERN ATLANTIC, SEASONAL DEPOSITION, INSITU MEASUREMENTS, INORGANIC CARBON
Ämneskategorier Kemi

Sammanfattning

Rates of degradation, recycling and burial of organic carbon (OC) and their temporal and spatial variability were investigated in deep-sea sediments of the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean (depth 4800-4850 m) during six cruises in August 1996-April 1999. Benthic fluxes of total dissolved inorganic carbon (C-T) and alkalinity (A(T)) were measured in situ using benthic chambers of a free-vehicle benthic lander on four of the cruises. To obtain the OC oxidation rate (C-ox), the C-T flux in each chamber was corrected for CaCO3 dissolution. Burial of OC was determined by using downcore profiles of OC (n = 20) in the solid phase of the sediment and sediment accumulation rates estimated from a model age based on C-14 dating of foraminifera. Results obtained showed that during 1996-1999 C-ox rates in PAP sediments varied between deployments from 0.21 +/- 0.04 to 0.86 +/- 0.23 mmol m(-2) d(-1) with a total mean of 0.46 mmol m(-2) d(-1) (SD +/- 0.37, n = 31). No statistically significant spatial (between stations) or temporal (seasonal as well as interannual) variation in the C-ox rates could be detected during the sampling period. The mean burial rate was determined to be 0.03 +/- 0.01 mmol m(-2) d(-1). On average over the sampling period, similar to94% of the particulate organic carbon (POC) deposited was recycled as C-T to the overlying water and similar to6% was buried. The calculated mean POC demand during 1996-1999 of 0.49 +/- 0.37 mmol m(-2) d(-1) (the sum of corrected C-T and burial fluxes) was not significantly different from the annual integrated mean POC supply (1997-1999) of 0.24 +/- 0.06 mmol m(-2) d(-1) estimated from calibrated sediment traps 1800 mab at the same locality. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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