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A novel method for determination of size resolved, submicrometer particle traffic emission factors.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sara Janhäll
Mattias Hallquist
Publicerad i Environmental science & technology
Volym 39
Nummer/häfte 19
Sidor 7609-15
ISSN 0013-936X
Publiceringsår 2005
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi
Sidor 7609-15
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Environment, Environmental Monitoring, methods, Models, Theoretical, Particle Size, Transportation, Vehicle Emissions, analysis
Ämneskategorier Fysikalisk kemi

Sammanfattning

A novel approach to determine size-segregated particle number emission factors for traffic is presented. It was proven that using limited data sets (800-2000 samples) statistically significant emission factors from road traffic can be extracted. In this study data from four sites were used for calculating emission factors (rural and urban roadside, urban rooftop, and urban background). The measurements were performed using SMPS/DMPS (scanning or differential particle sizers) from TSI and commercial gas analyzers. Describing the particle concentration as a ratio to an exhaust trace gas, e.g. NOx, the dilution effect will be minimized. This ratio is easily compared among different studies. By knowledge of the emission factor of the chosen trace gas the emission ratio can be converted to an emission factor for particle numbers of defined particle sizes. For the presented method only one measurement site is needed, where the difference between high and low (background) traffic exposure is used. To define high and low traffic exposure, the best result was obtained using high ratio of [NO] to [NO2] and low [NOx], respectively. Emission ratios for 10-100-nm particles at two road sites, one high-speed 90-kmph rural case and one urban, slower, and more congested situation, were determined to (35 +/- 15) x 10(14) and (24 +/- 8) x 10(14) particles per mole NOx, respectively.

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