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Areas of operation of interneurons mediating presynaptic inhibition in sacral spinal segments.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Elzbieta Jankowska
E Bichler
Ingela Hammar
Publicerad i Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale
Volym 133
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 402-6
ISSN 0014-4819
Publiceringsår 2000
Publicerad vid Institutionen för fysiologi och farmakologi
Sidor 402-6
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Action Potentials, physiology, Afferent Pathways, physiology, Animals, Cats, Electric Stimulation, Interneurons, physiology, Neural Inhibition, physiology, Presynaptic Terminals, physiology, Sacrococcygeal Region, Spinal Nerves, physiology
Ämneskategorier Neurofysiologi

Sammanfattning

Sources of primary afferent depolarization (PAD) of skin afferents in the sural (Sur) nerve and of group-II muscle afferents in the posterior biceps and semitendinosus (PBST) nerve were compared at several sites, about 2 mm apart, within the L7-S2 segments in order to define areas of projection of sacral interneurons mediating PAD of these afferents. Just rostral to the pudendal nucleus, strong PAD of Sur afferents was evoked by stimulation of skin nerves, while stimulation of muscle nerves had only marginal effects. This indicates that sacral PAD interneurons co-excited by skin and muscle afferents operate primarily within the regions overlying the pudendal nucleus. Furthermore, PAD evoked by muscle afferents was weaker over the rostral part of the pudendal nucleus than over the caudal part of this nucleus, where hamstring afferents became its main source, both in Sur and in PBST group-II afferents. By correlating the relative strength of PAD at the levels of the rostral and caudal parts of the pudendal nucleus with the previously established input from muscle and cutaneous afferents to interneurons at these levels, it is therefore proposed that sacral PAD interneurons operate over shorter distances than indicated by previous experiments: over either rostral or caudal parts of the pudendal nucleus, i.e., about 2 mm, rather than over the whole length of this nucleus, i.e., 4-5 mm. Sacral PAD interneurons may, thus, modulate synaptic transmission to even more spatially restricted neuronal populations than previously proposed.

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