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Comparison of Cobb angles in idiopathic scoliosis on standing radiographs and supine axially loaded MRI

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Per Wessberg
B. I. Danielson
Jan Willén
Publicerad i Spine
Volym 31
Nummer/häfte 26
Sidor 3039-44
ISSN 1528-1159 (Electronic)
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper
Sidor 3039-44
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adolescent, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Posture, Prospective Studies, Scoliosis/*diagnosis/radiography
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, patient controlled. OBJECTIVE: To compare Cobb angles in idiopathic scoliosis between standing radiographs and a nonradiographic procedure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Repeated radiographic examinations at young age may increase the risk for breast cancer in adulthood. MRI images the spine satisfactorily but is cumbersome in standing. A harness supplying axial load to a lying subject simulates the standing radiograph appearance of the lumbar spine. METHODS: Thirty patients with idiopathic scoliosis greater than 20 degrees performed a routine posteroanterior and lateral standing thoracolumbar spine radiograph and an MRI in supine position without and with axial loading. RESULTS: Mean Cobb angle for the major curve was 31 degrees on standing radiographs, 23 degrees on nonloaded supine MRI, and 31 degrees on supine loaded MRI. Axially loaded, compared with nonloaded, MRI increased the Cobb angle by 8 degrees. The mean difference between standing radiograph and supine axially loaded MRI was 0 degrees, with an intermethodologic variation(s) of 3.4 degrees. Radiographic and MRI (axially loaded) Cobb angles correlated positively (r = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: Axial loading on supine MRI produces coronal Cobb angles similar to standing radiographs. This is a way to acquire reliable Cobb angles without radiation in the monitoring of idiopathic scoliosis.

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