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Microbiological diagnostics in oral diseases.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Gunnar Dahlén
Publicerad i Acta odontologica Scandinavica
Volym 64
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 164-8
ISSN 0001-6357
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 164-8
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/0001635050052031...
Ämnesord Bacteria, isolation & purification, Bacteria, Anaerobic, isolation & purification, Bacterial Infections, diagnosis, Candidiasis, Oral, diagnosis, Dental Caries, microbiology, Dental Pulp Diseases, microbiology, Humans, Motivation, Mouth Diseases, microbiology, prevention & control, Opportunistic Infections, microbiology, Patient Compliance, Periodontitis, microbiology, Risk Assessment, Tooth Diseases, microbiology, prevention & control
Ämneskategorier Odontologi, Oral mikrobiologi

Sammanfattning

Most infections of the oral cavity, including the major dental diseases caries and periodontitis, are opportunistic in nature. They are caused or maintained by microorganisms of the resident or transient flora normally present in low numbers and not pathogenic, but in certain circumstances develop infections. Mucosal infections have some degree of specificity [e.g. Candida spp., Staphylococcus aureus, and enterics] and a microbiological test can be interpreted accurately for clinical diagnosis and choice of treatment. Subepithelial or deep infections, however, include a number of species from the resident flora, mainly anaerobes whose role in the infections is difficult to interpret. However, microbiological tests and the presence of certain bacterial species could be used for treatment control, risk-evaluation and even for patient motivation in the prevention of these diseases. Microbiological diagnosis can be used in general practice for several purposes and in various situations that can be of great value for the dental patient.

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