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A three-year prospective study of adult subjects with gingivitis. I: clinical periodontal parameters.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anna Bogren
Ricardo Teles
Gay Torresyap
Anne D Haffajee
Sigmund S Socransky
Jan Lindhe
Jan Wennström
Publicerad i Journal of clinical periodontology
Volym 34
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 1-6
ISSN 0303-6979
Publiceringsår 2007
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 1-6
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006...
Ämnesord Adult, Aged, Dental Plaque, therapy, Dental Plaque Index, Dental Prophylaxis, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gingival Hemorrhage, therapy, Gingivitis, therapy, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oral Hygiene, Patient Education, Periodontal Diseases, prevention & control, Periodontal Index, Periodontal Pocket, therapy, Primary Prevention, Prospective Studies
Ämneskategorier Odontologi, Oral mikrobiologi, Parodontologi

Sammanfattning

AIM: The objective of this study was to monitor prospectively clinical parameters in subjects without signs of destructive periodontal disease who were involved in a primary prevention programme, and to determine the changes that occurred between yearly examinations over a 3-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six subjects aged at least 20 years with a maximum of two tooth sites with probing pocket depth (PPD)>4 mm and no proximal sites with clinical attachment loss participated in the study. Primary prevention was provided at baseline of the study and then every 6 months. Plaque, bleeding on probing (BoP) and PPD were scored at baseline, 1, 2 and 3 years. RESULTS: There were no significant changes in the plaque score over the 3 years. After year 1, the BoP score was significantly improved with 5.6%, while no further improvement in BoP was found at years 2 and 3. The mean PPD decreased from 2.3 to 2.1 mm over the 3 years (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Although some individuals exhibiting minor signs of periodontal pathology may have benefited from the primary prevention, the overall clinical improvement was limited for such subjects in the present 3-year study.

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