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Mindreading and the detection of deception. Paper presented at the 16’th European Conference on Psychology and Law

Paper i proceeding
Författare Pär-Anders Granhag
Publicerad i Paper presented at the 16’th European Conference on Psychology and Law (Liverpool, UK)
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Deception detection, Mindreading, Suspects’ strategies
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

In this paper I will argue and provide scientific evidence that mindreading have an important (but so far disregarded) role to play in the detection of deception. I view and use ‘mindreading’ in an instrumental (vs. descriptive) manner, and define the goal of mindreading as improving the ability to predict other people’s behaviour. Biases which may cause misreading of other people’s minds, and subsequent behaviour, will be described. Furthermore, I will show how the reading of a suspect’s mind can be improved by utilizing psychological theory on basic human behaviour (e.g., aversive conditioning; avoidance and escape) and reasoning (e.g., the illusion of transparency). I will specify, and empirically test, the predictions following a psychologically informed mindreading on guilty and innocent suspects’ verbal behaviour. Finally, I will describe how the outcome of mindreading suspects can be translated into interview tactics, and ultimately improve the ability to detect deception.

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