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Political actors and urban development: the challenge of curbing motorized mobility in Santiago de Chile, Tehran and Copenhagen

Rapport
Författare Marie Thynell
Förlag Research report prepared for the Volvo Research and Educational Foundations
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2004
Publicerad vid Institutionen för freds- och utvecklingsforskning
Institutionen för omvärldsstudier av människans villkor, centrum för globala genusstudier
Språk en
Ämnesord mass motorization, urbanization, urban transport, Santiago de Chile, Tehran, Copenhagen
Ämneskategorier Freds- och utvecklingsforskning

Sammanfattning

The impact of mass motorization on societal development is badly known. Therefore in my report, I analyze the transformation of transport systems (car-road system and public transport), the related urban changes and their societal effects in three very different cities, Santiago, Tehran and Copenhagen. In these cities vehicle ownership is increasing and further motorized mobility is facilitated.

My study is carried out in the perspective of social sciences. It focuses on how different actors perceive the complex problems of urban transport and the content of various strategies to cope with complexity of urban traffic. Mass motorization is analyzed in the perspective of market extension, political interventions (the Polanyi double movement), urban governance, sustainable development and the managing of urban mobility.

Mass motorization is an essential part of modernization and my study shows that it is handled in very different ways in the three cities: In Tehran the emphasis is on technological upgrading, in Santiago ongoing modernization is based on the re-regulation (to replace earlier de-regulation) and economic incentives, whereas in Copenhagen the upgrading of the transport system is partly inspired by Agenda 21 and politicians have strived to include the involvement of the general public.

It is concluded that the political strength at the city level seems to be less than on the national level. Differences between the three cities as to political configuration, the market and the civil society are of great importance in the handling of mass motorization. Finally, the study also shows that the social component in the upgrading of transport systems is being neglected in two research areas: in transportation research and in social sciences.

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