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Social communication and deferred imitation in autism: Their relation to language development

Paper i proceeding
Författare Karin Strid
Tomas Tjus
Mikael Heimann
Publicerad i BPS Developmental Section Conference, 7-9 Sep., London, UK.
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Social communication, imitation, language, autism
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Social communication and imitation are considered to be fundamental deficits in autism. The aim of this study was to investigate if these abilities are depending on the child’s language level. 20 children with autism and 23 children with typical development, matched on language age, participated. Both groups were divided by the mean of language age (low or high). Social communication was measured in three areas: joint attention, requesting and social interaction. Deferred imitation was examined on actions with objects (6 items), and the delay was two days. When comparing the groups with a low language age a significantly lower result on all measures for the autism group came out. The same comparison between the groups with a high language age revealed no group differences. The results from this study suggest that differences in communication and imitation are more depending on the child’s language level compared to the child’s diagnosis

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