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Generalization of Classic Question Order Effects Across Cultures

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare T. H. Stark
H. Silber
J. A. Krosnick
A. G. Blom
M. Aoyagi
A. Belchior
M. Bosnjak
S. L. Clement
M. John
G. A. Jonsdottir
K. Lawson
P. Lynn
Johan Martinsson
D. Shamshiri-Petersen
E. Tvinnereim
R. R. Yu
Publicerad i Sociological Methods & Research
Volym 49
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 567-602
ISSN 0049-1241
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 567-602
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049124117747304
Ämnesord survey methods, questionnaire design, question order effects, cross-cultural, perceptual contrast, interdependent self, context, contrast, assimilation, Mathematical Methods In Social Sciences, Sociology
Ämneskategorier Sociologi

Sammanfattning

Questionnaire design is routinely guided by classic experiments on question form, wording, and context conducted decades ago. This article explores whether two question order effects (one due to the norm of evenhandedness and the other due to subtraction or perceptual contrast) appear in surveys of probability samples in the United States and 11 other countries (Canada, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom;N= 25,640). Advancing theory of question order effects, we propose necessary conditions for each effect to occur, and found that the effects occurred in the nations where these necessary conditions were met. Surprisingly, the abortion question order effect even appeared in some countries in which the necessary condition was not met, suggesting that the question order effect there (and perhaps elsewhere) was not due to subtraction or perceptual contrast. The question order effects were not moderated by education. The strength of the effect due to the norm of evenhandedness was correlated with various cultural characteristics of the nations. Strong support was observed for the form-resistant correlation hypothesis.

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