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Coastal carbon cycle changes following mangrove loss

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare J. Z. Sippo
C. J. Sanders
Isaac R. Santos
L. C. Jeffrey
M. Call
Y. Harada
K. Maguire
D. Brown
S. R. Conrad
D. T. Maher
Publicerad i Limnology and Oceanography
Sidor 15
ISSN 0024-3590
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för marina vetenskaper
Sidor 15
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.11476
Ämnesord global mangrove, organic-carbon, stocks, sediment, forests, intact, ecosystems, conversion, mortality, emissions, Marine & Freshwater Biology, Oceanography
Ämneskategorier Marin ekologi

Sammanfattning

Global mangrove loss is occurring from deforestation and extreme climatic events, but changes to the coastal carbon cycle following mangrove mortality and/or loss are not well understood. In 2015/2016, a massive climate-driven mangrove dieback event occurred over similar to 1000 km of Australian coastline. To assess carbon loss following mortality, carbon fluxes in adjacent living and dead forest areas were compared 8 and 20 months postforest dieback. Dead areas experienced an increase in soil CO2 efflux by similar to 189%, and a decrease in oceanic dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) outwelling of similar to 50% relative to living areas. DIC outwelling (predominantly carbonate alkalinity) and soil CO2 efflux accounted for 81% and 16% of losses from the living forest, in comparison to 51% and 47%, respectively, from the dead forest. The dieback drove a shift from a dominance of oceanic carbon outwelling to increased atmospheric CO2 emissions and decreased alkalinity exports. This shift was likely driven by increased oxygen sediment permeation and the loss of mangrove net primary productivity. Combining our new observations with literature data, we found a logarithmic relationship between soil carbon loss and time since mangrove loss. Using this relationship, we estimate ongoing global carbon losses from historical mangrove deforestation and dieback could be 13.7 +/- 9.4 Tg C yr(-1), which is eightfold higher than previous estimates and offsets global mangrove carbon burial by similar to 60%. Even if no future deforestation occurred, we estimate ongoing carbon losses to the atmosphere and ocean from current global mangrove losses of 27 Tg C over the next 30 yr.

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