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Antibiotic administration reduces the rate of intraamniotic inflammation in preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Marian Kacerovsky
Roberto Romero
Martin Stepan
Jaroslav Stranik
Jan Maly
Lenka Pliskova
Radka Bolehovska
Vladimir Palicka
Helena Zemlickova
Helena Hornychova
Jiri Spacek
Bo Jacobsson
Percy Pacora
Ivana Musilova
Publicerad i American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volym 223
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 114.e1-114.e20
ISSN 1097-6868
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för obstetrik och gynekologi
Sidor 114.e1-114.e20
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.01.0...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord 16S ribosomal RNA, Ureaplasma, amniocentesis, amniotic fluid, bacteria, benzylpenicillin, biomarker, chorioamnionitis, clarithromycin, funisitis, genital mycoplasmas, great obstetrical syndromes, inflammation, interleukin-6, intraamniotic infection, microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity, neonatal outcome, neonatal sepsis, nucleic acid, polymerase chain reaction, pregnancy; prematurity, preterm birth, rapid point of care test, sterile intraamniotic inflammation
Ämneskategorier Obstetrik och gynekologi

Sammanfattning

Preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is frequently complicated by intraamniotic inflammatory processes such as intraamniotic infection and sterile intraamniotic inflammation. Antibiotic therapy is recommended to patients with PPROM to prolong the interval between this complication and delivery (latency period), reduce the risk of clinical chorioamnionitis, and improve neonatal outcome. However, there is a lack of information regarding whether the administration of antibiotics can reduce the intensity of the intraamniotic inflammatory response or eradicate microorganisms in patients with PPROM.The first aim of the study was to determine whether antimicrobial agents can reduce the magnitude of the intraamniotic inflammatory response in patients with PPROM by assessing the concentrations of interleukin-6 in amniotic fluid before and after antibiotic treatment. The second aim was to determine whether treatment with intravenous clarithromycin changes the microbial load of Ureaplasma spp DNA in amniotic fluid.A retrospective cohort study included patients who had (1) a singleton gestation, (2) PPROM between 24+0 and 33+6 weeks, (3) a transabdominal amniocentesis at the time of admission, and (4) intravenous antibiotic treatment (clarithromycin for patients with intraamniotic inflammation and benzylpenicillin/clindamycin in the cases of allergy in patients without intraamniotic inflammation) for 7 days. Follow-up amniocenteses (7th day after admission) were performed in the subset of patients with a latency period lasting longer than 7 days. Concentrations of interleukin-6 were measured in the samples of amniotic fluid with a bedside test, and the presence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity was assessed with culture and molecular microbiological methods. Intraamniotic inflammation was defined as a bedside interleukin-6 concentration ≥745 pg/mL in the samples of amniotic fluid. Intraamniotic infection was defined as the presence of both microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and intraamniotic inflammation; sterile intraamniotic inflammation was defined as the presence of intraamniotic inflammation without microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity.A total of 270 patients with PPROM were included in this study: 207 patients delivered within 7 days and 63 patients delivered after 7 days of admission. Of the 63 patients who delivered after 7 days following the initial amniocentesis, 40 underwent a follow-up amniocentesis. Patients with intraamniotic infection (n = 7) and sterile intraamniotic inflammation (n = 7) were treated with intravenous clarithromycin. Patients without either microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity or intraamniotic inflammation (n = 26) were treated with benzylpenicillin or clindamycin. Treatment with clarithromycin decreased the interleukin-6 concentration in amniotic fluid at the follow-up amniocentesis compared to the initial amniocentesis in patients with intraamniotic infection (follow-up: median, 295 pg/mL, interquartile range [IQR], 72-673 vs initial: median, 2973 pg/mL, IQR, 1750-6296; P = .02) and in those with sterile intraamniotic inflammation (follow-up: median, 221 pg/mL, IQR 118-366 pg/mL vs initial: median, 1446 pg/mL, IQR, 1300-2941; P = .02). Samples of amniotic fluid with Ureaplasma spp DNA had a lower microbial load at the time of follow-up amniocentesis compared to the initial amniocentesis (follow-up: median, 1.8 × 104 copies DNA/mL, 2.9 × 104 to 6.7 × 108 vs initial: median, 4.7 × 107 copies DNA/mL, interquartile range, 2.9 × 103 to 3.6 × 107; P = .03).Intravenous therapy with clarithromycin was associated with a reduction in the intensity of the intraamniotic inflammatory response in patients with PPROM with either intraamniotic infection or sterile intraamniotic inflammation. Moreover, treatment with clarithromycin was related to a reduction in the load of Ureaplasma spp DNA in the amniotic fluid of patients with PPROM <34 weeks of gestation.

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